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Chapter_22 - Chapter 22 Urbanization and Sustainable Cities...

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Chapter 22: Urbanization and Sustainable Cities Urbanization since the Industrial Revolution, about 300 years ago, cities have grown rapidly in both size and power urbanization- an increasing concentration of the population in cities and a transformation of land use and society to to a metropolitan pattern of organization industrialization and urbanization bring both benefits and problems some of the most severe urban problems in the world are found in the giant megacities of developing countries concentrated urban poverty is one of our most pressing social concerns urbanization is partly responsible for slowing population growth urban women are more likely to be educated and to get jobs outside the home Cities have specialized functions as well as large populations the U.S. Census Bureau considers any incorporated community to be a city, regardless of size, and defines any city with more than 2,500 residents us urban most meaningful definitions are based on functions
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rural area- most residents depend on agriculture or other ways of harvesting natural resources for their livelihood urban area- a majority of the people are not directly dependent on natural resource- based occupations village- a collection of rural households linked by culture, custom, family ties, and association with the land city- differentiated community with a population and resource base large enough to allow residents to specialize in arts, crafts,
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