gilgamesh - Trevor Nestor The Epic of Gilgamesh Study Guide...

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Trevor Nestor The Epic of Gilgamesh Study Guide Questions Tablets I-V 1.) Quite simply, citizens of Uruk complain about Gilgamesh’s tyrannical behavior. Gilgamesh is a tyrant and forces his subjects to labor excessively while also violating any woman he feels is beautiful. Gilgamesh is pompous, and, naturally, his subjects resent his rule. 2.) (Prior to this I had never heard of half of these myths) Enkidu is created by a goddess out of clay in order to rival Gilgamesh. The gods did this because Gilgamesh’s subjects tired of his rule and pomposity. This is unlike the Pandora creation myth because Pandora is molded out of earth and she is created as a punishment to mankind. Adam and Eve are created from earth and the breath of God and are not created as a punishment or as a check of power. Ymir is created spontaneously by inanimate material and is not created for any specific purpose. Audhumla is a cow created by Surt to nurture Ymir. Audhumla “created” Bor by licking his form out of salty ice. Ask and Embla were created by Norse gods out of wood. According to Sumerian mythology, Geshtu-e was killed by the gods and his blood was used to form the first humans. Kingu was also killed according to Babylonian mythology and his blood was also used to form humans. Other creation myths differ considerably from the creation of Enkidu in The Epic of Gilgamesh .
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3.) The trapper is unable to trap due to Eniku. Eniku ruins his traps. The trapper’s father tells him to find someone to conquer him; a prostitute. The prostitute has “power” over Eniku. This is much like Gilgamesh and his subjects. Gilgamesh displeases his subjects so someone is sent who has “power” that matches his; Eniku. 4.) Enkidu represents any “free spirit.” The prostitute represents any temptation that limits freedom and confines the spirit. The prostitute lures the “free spirit” Enkidu into becoming a civilized person. 5.) The animals begin to see Enkidu as unlike them and their unfamiliarity with his essence frightens them. Enkidu has become unlike the animals and is no longer a “free spirit” but rather a spirit chained to the laws of civilized nature. In addition to this, Enkidu also becomes a hunter and trapper himself. Enkidu’s hampered running ability is a direct result of his change to becoming civilized. Animals and “free spirits” roam around and run where they please, but Enkidu no longer can “run” where he pleases as he is now a spirit that has conformed to civilized society. Therefore Enkidu’s hampered running capability is symbolic. Enkidu becomes like those who live in civilized culture, and, in this way, Enkidu gains knowledge, understanding, and becomes “like the gods.”
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One example of Enkidu’s change is his shift from being a friend to animals to hunting them. 6.)
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gilgamesh - Trevor Nestor The Epic of Gilgamesh Study Guide...

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