Natural Areas Project

Natural Areas Project - Natural Areas Project Trevor Nestor...

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Unformatted text preview: Natural Areas Project Trevor Nestor Period 1 Nestor 1 The five Islands (Anacapa, Santa Cruz, Santa Rosa, San Miguel, and Santa Barbara) that make up Californias Channel Islands National Park are a remarkable reminder of what the California landscape once was like. However, the allocation of these five islands for preservation does more than provide a beautiful vacation spot; it also ensures a home for many endangered species and protects the historical significance of the islands. Although there is still dispute as to the actual geologic origins of the Channel Islands, many geologists now believe that approximately 14 million years ago, volcanic activity along the California coastline caused the formation of the Channel Islands which were then moved to their current locations through plate movement. Rising sea levels caused the apparent physical separation of the islands: it is known that all of the Channel Islands once a part of a single island land mass called Santarosae which spanned about 724 square miles. ("Channel Islands National Park." Shannon Technologies . ShannonTech. Web. 04 Jan. 2010. <http://www.shannontech.com/ParkVision/ChannelIslands/ChannelIslands.html>.) The first humans to inhabit the Channel Islands were groups of seafaring Chumash Indians riding in handmade redwood plank canoes called tomols. There is evidence of human habitation on the islands as early as 9000 BC. The Chumash Indians learned to survive off of the variety of berries, nuts, roots, plants, shellfish, and fish living on and around the islands, and traded frequently with mainland Indians. ("Channel Islands National Park." Shannon Technologies . ShannonTech. Web. 04 Jan. 2010. <http://www.shannontech.com/ParkVision/ChannelIslands/ChannelIslands.html>.) Nestor 2 Later, in 1542, Portuguese European explorers came to the islands. Among these explorers were Gaspar de Portola and Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo who named the islands. George Vancouver standardized the islands names to what they are today. In the late 1700s and early 1800s, fur traders and fisherman displaced the Chumash living on the islands and nearly hunted many local wildlife species to extinction like sea otters....
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Natural Areas Project - Natural Areas Project Trevor Nestor...

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