Chapter2Notes

Chapter2Notes - Notes on China (based on major topics of...

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1 Notes on China (based on major topics of class discussion) Land of China What are the major features which characterize the geography and physical environment of China? China’s Political System Territorial Evolution When and where did the Chinese state develop? Cycles of Dynastic Change What ideas which formed the basis of traditional Chinese Society? Organization of Traditional Society Manchu Dynasty 1644-1911 Reasons for the fall of the Manchu dynasty? The Opium War What happened to China in the 19 th century? 1911-1949 Civil War/Chaos/Warlords Conflict between Nationalists and Communists People’s Republic 1949 Communist China 1949: Major Phases 1949-65 Land Reforms 1966-76 Cultural Revolution 1977-89 Modernization, Reforms 1989 Tiananmen Square Massacre 1990- 06 Economic Growth/Foreign Investment, Human Rights, Trade conflict. Economic Reforms Conflict: Communist Party Government and Capitalist Economy Centrifugal Forces Agriculture and Food Supply What can China do to increase food production? Population and Demographic Transition How is one child policy implemented? Social consequences SOEs and TVEs. Industrial Restructuring How can the SOEs be reformed? Environmental Pollution China’s environmental policy Impacts of rapid development? Tensions: Regional and Ethnic Interior and Coastal Areas Han majority and non-Han minorities Human Rights Tibet (Buddhist) and Xinjiang (Islamic) Hong Kong Reasons for the economic success of Hong Kong Economic Problems since 1997 Taiwan
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2 Development of Taiwan Political Issues: Independence or merger with China Major Features of the geography and physical environment of China. Diversity, Contrasting parts, Duality Key areas are lowland: densely populated. 1.Yellow River (Huang He): North China Plain 2. Chang Jiang (Yangtze) 3. Xi Jiang Upland Areas: thinly populated Interior High desert of Tibetan plateau Sand/gravel desert of basins Limited Arable land Dry/Mountainous Areas How is China’s political system organized? Communist Party, dictates policy Hu Jintao, General Secretary and President of China Party Committees in 21 Provinces, 5 Autonomous Regions and 3 Municipalities select Central Committee (175 members) at the Party Congress. Central Committee selects the Members of the Politburo (17 members). General Secretary chairs the Politburo. State, executes policy. Ministeries. Wen Jiabao, Prime Minister Military, party controls the military Hu Jintao, Head of Central Military Commission. People’s Liberation Army, 4 million in uniform. When and where did the Chinese state develop? Developed in the Yellow River Basin
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Chapter2Notes - Notes on China (based on major topics of...

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