Lecture 01 - Reading Organic Structures - Problem Set Solutions

Lecture 01 - Reading Organic Structures - Problem Set Solutions

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Chem 112A - Fall 2010 neopentane (a hydrocarbon) HO cholesterol (an important component of cell membranes) O tetrahydrofuran (a common solvent) O Vitamin C (required for collagen biosynthesis) isopropyl phenyl ether (a potentially explosive com- pound!) OH O camphor (smells like medicine-does little else) propargyl alcohol (a useful synthetic building block) H 3 N O O + - O N N N N HO OH NH 2 HO adenosine (a nucleotide in RNA and a component of ATP) leucine (the most common amino acid in proteins) N NH N N N HN N N OH a phthalocyanine (derivatives of these com- pounds are in printer inks) geraniol (a natural insect repellent found in geraniums) O OH ibuprofen (an analgesic) benzo-[a]-pyrene (cancer suspect agent formed while grilling) Write the molecular formula (e.g. C
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Unformatted text preview: 6 H 5 NO 2 ) for each of the structures shown below. In some cases, it might be helpful to draw in the hydrogen atoms. Look for 4 total bonds on all carbon atoms, three on all nitrogen atoms, and two on all oxygen atoms to determine whether additional hydrogen atoms are Lecture 1 Practice Problems: Reading Organic Structures O O OH HO HO HO C 5 H 12 C 4 H 8 O C 9 H 12 O C 3 H 4 O C 10 H 18 O C 27 H 46 O C 13 H 18 O 2 C 6 H 8 O 6 C 10 H 16 O C 20 H 12 C 6 H 13 NO 2 C 10 H 13 N 5 O 4 C 32 H 18 N 8 * Incorrect structures for leucine and geraniol were given on the original handout. They have been corrected on this answer key....
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