chap01 - Chapter 1 Introduction Geology 11 Principles of...

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Chapter 1 Introduction Geology 11 – Principles of Geology A. M. P. Tengonciang National Institute of Geological Sciences University of the Philippines, Diliman
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1.1 What is geology? ± From the Greek roots: geo- (Earth), and -logis (study) ± Scientific study of the Earth ± Physical geology ± Earth materials – minerals, rocks, soil ± Earth’s surface processes – running water, glaciers, waves, wind, mountain-building, volcanic eruptions ± Earth’s internal processes – earthquake activity, magma movement, magnetic field ± Historical geology ± History of the Earth – as recorded in rocks and fossils ± History of life on Earth – as recorded by the fossils themselves
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1.2 Physical Geology ± Mineralogy – the study of the chemical composition and structure of minerals ± Petrology – the study of the composition and origin of rocks ± Geomorphology – the study of the origin of landforms and their modification by dynamic processes ± Geophysics – the study of the behavior of rock materials in response to stresses and according to the principles of physics ± Geochemistry – the study of the chemical composition of earth materials and the chemical changes that occur within the earth and on its surface ± Sedimentology – the science of the erosion and deposition of rock particles by wind, water, or ice
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This note was uploaded on 11/20/2010 for the course LIR 30 taught by Professor Thornley,k during the Spring '08 term at Santa Rosa.

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chap01 - Chapter 1 Introduction Geology 11 Principles of...

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