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1305 chapters 5 and 6

1305 chapters 5 and 6 - Chapters 5 and 6 Mueller Society...

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Chapters 5 and 6 Mueller Society, Social Structure, and Interaction (5) Groups and Organizations (6) I. Introduction A. The Nature of Social Structure 1. The stable pattern of social relationships that exist within a particular group or society (Kendall as stated in the Glossary ) 2. The recurring patterns of behavior that create relationships among individuals and groups (Mueller) B. Social Structure has several components: 1. statu s; 2. roles 3. groups ; 4. norms 5. institutions II. Social Statuses-socially defined positions A. Type of statuses: 1. Master Status - most important status occupied and one that affects almost every aspect of a person’s life 2. Ascribed Status - position assigned on the basis of a characteristic which he/she has no control; i.e., age, sex, or role 3. Achieved Status - position occupied as a result of one’s own effort, i.e., choice, merit, effort, etc. III. Social Roles-expected behaviors associated with a particular status (culturally defined) A. Role Strain B. Role Conflict C. Role Ambiguity D . Role distancing
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