1305 Chapter 2

1305 Chapter 2 - Chapter 2 Sociological Research Methods...

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Chapter 2 Sociological Research Methods Why is Sociological Research Necessary? ---to add to our knowledge base ---To move beyond common sense to more accurate understanding of social phenomenon --- To debunk fallacies in everyday interpretations -- to provide explanations of complex social issues and problems ---ETC., ETC.
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Theory: a set of interrelated statements that attempts to describe social interactions **** Theory gives meaning to research; research helps support theory Quantitative Research : based on data that can be measured by numbers Qualitative Research : uses words rather than numbers to analyze The Sociological Research Process
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Theory and Research Cycle: Deductive Approach Research begins with a theory: 1. Theories generate hypothesis 2. Hypothesis leads to observations. 3. Observations lead to the formation of generalizations. 4. Generalizations support the theory.
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Theory and Research Cycle: Inductive Approach Research begins with data: 1. Observations suggest generalizations. 2. Generalizations produce a tentative theory. 3. Theory is tested through formation of a hypothesis. 4. Hypothesis may provide suggestions for additional observations.
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Conventional Research Model 1. Select and define the research problem. 2. Review previous research. (called “review of the literature”)
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Step 3 :Formulate the hypothesis: * a hypothesis is a statement of the relationship between 2 or more concepts a.* Variables are concepts with measurable traits or characteristics that can change or vary from time, situation, society . List some b.*Independent
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This note was uploaded on 11/21/2010 for the course SOC 1305 taught by Professor Mueller during the Spring '08 term at Baylor.

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1305 Chapter 2 - Chapter 2 Sociological Research Methods...

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