Unformatted text preview: Early Industrial Revolution, Started in England 1700, invented factories,
england prohibited any immigrant technician. When the U.S formed,
Hamilton wanted on Industrial Country. The Brown Family wanted to settle
a English Country. Slam SLater a factory manager in England, him being a
50% part owner. He cant take any papers out, he had to memorize
everything. When coming in 1793 open the first textile mill, in providence
rhode island. In 1793 in the u.s industrial revolution. Industrial Revolution is
advanced in cloth and iron. Important: Technological is social changes the
consequence not the cause. Before the industrial revolution had Guilds a
combination of workers and owners. Guilds regulated the specific industry,
set training. Production level, craft or industry.
What was the putting out system?
Merchants do “Putting out system” which is basically go to the farmers and
propose them to make the shirts and give them money for a piece rate,
Every piece you make, you make money. Pay them less if they do more.
Farmers do this a side job. Cant produce, you start get the spinning wheel,
devices that will help produce. Water Frame it can do anything to produce
the gourmet. The guilds fall apart that had skills out of hand. Now they
work in the factories, tell them and force them. Taking control is the
Industrial revolution as a large process, it is a commercial revolution in the
world, before the commercial revolution before they traded they barted,
What was the fundamental reasons for the industrial revolution?
first stage is introduction of money, currency, the reason it was introduced
in the world it was easier. The consequence is it allowed some merchants
to get rich and in the process it broke old society. The old structure of
Europe, merchant , traders, create a new class. Merchants were
considered to be on top of slaves but had the same as a slave. We have
the rise of the merchant world in the western world. They want to replace
this structure not being fair to born into these positions. What it should be
based on is merit! SInce the merchants have a lot of money they would be on top. Merchants change this system. Had an idea! Commercial revolution
is the thing that merchants help them get higher class. The industrial
revolution is the last phase. Poverty is the result of personal behavior. The
merchants said why these persons are in the bottom is because they're
lazy and stupid and by creating these new factories these dumb people will
learn how to be successful and join us on the top. It your fault if your not at
the top. Workers opposed this economic model. Commercial model
changes people's relationships with each other. The average worker prior
to the industrial revolution, the worker decide how much and what they
would make. Their social life was not separate from their work job. The
barrel maker puts them out of business.
● How did work life change because of industrialization?
People after the industrial revolution don’t decide what they want to do! The
industrial revolution was not beneficial. No freedom! Work is now no one
part of the emotions community. Social life is separate and economic is
designed as a cruel statis.
Lowell in Massachusetts, he opened the manufacturing company in 1814.
First mill in the U.s in one location.
● Who were the Lowell Mill Girls? What were their working conditions?
The mill eventually becomes large and requires a large number of women
farmers. They're seen as extras in the farmers, farmers want sons. This
would be a border school for republican women, living in the company
border houses. 8 women to a room. Worked 73 hours at the mill. In the
1800’s this was new! Seen as risky, they said they would embrace rigid
forces. Forced to take classes like how to speak, training for marriage. If
they wanted to date they had to introduce him to his boss. They were afraid
to be sent home. They had independence of freedom, set of regulations.
Saw themselves of daughters of free men. Woman suffered from brown
lung, breathing all of the fibers. Chronic illness. Reduced the pay that was
actually made. Woman worked were regulated by bells. Any talking in the
work would fire you, until 1834 proposed another cotten pay. Within a day
2,000 women had protested. Women were supposed to strike or work outside of home. Nobody supported them called amazons, he or she was
called. It was a bold move not seeing this before. Many went back to their
● What caused the Lowell Strike? What happened during the strike and what did the
An important moment was the Lull Mill Strike in 1834. First the growing discontent to their place
in society . ● What kind of changes did industrialization produce?
Resistance to the results of industrialization. Besides the lull woman
there were other results.
● Which party did most workers support and why?
In 1830’s white workers had supported anti federalist.
● How did workers try to resist industrialization and what did they advocate?
The deal was if white workers accepted slavery then democratic
republicans remain equality with white elites. By 1830’s all male could vote
with no requirement. From state legislature from vote electing. Despite this
the radical expression of ideals came from Thomas skidmore. The rights of
mans properties. It proposed wealth and power, equally to men in power, all
servitude should be abolished, he called for every men and women should
get 160 acres of land. And every factory, railroad should be collectively
owned. Ny workingmen's party which was founded in 1829, died in 1832.
These ideas of unions did take hope. ● Why did unions form, what did they do and how successful were they?
National trades union form, This unizes and creates newspaper chapters
throughout the country. First target was to lower the work day. 13 ½ hours a day , they wanted it to be 10. In order to achieve that they NTU
organized the first general strike in 1835. Making around the country strike.
The first to strike was irish colevers. It was back breaking work. The results
were uneven. Afterwards they were blacklisted. The courts ruled that
unions were illegal in 1836. Unions were not legal until the 21 century.
● What changes in society caused anxiety in Americans?
Poverty ,crime, things were getting worse. Prostitution was noticed.
Violence, immorality seemed to be spreading, dwelling. In the u.s dwelling
were no rules. Lynching was only aimed at whites. Anxiety is happening.
● What old forms of social order appeared to be breaking down?
3 pillars of order are the federal government, the church, and the family for
regulation. In the 1800’s many Americans believed that they were broken but not
working, therefore many people believed they needed new institutions.
● What new societies were attempted? What were their characteristics and what
happened to them?
Shakers, shaker community. Found by woman lee, shakers believed that god was
both male and female. The shakers said no sex and the world was very close to
ending and christ was going to look as a female since god is both female and male.
Women were leaders with shakers. Women and Men would sit in seperate sides.
Shakers were given by tractor, shaking their sins. A moncking term, racial equality,
government didn't see this right. Since they were sulibet they would adapt children
and raise them as shakers, when the kids were 18, they would stay or leave.
Shakers were famous for furnishing makers.
The New Harmony, India,a place a town. Created by Robert Owen and Francis
Wright. Robert Owen was british how he treated workers and so Owen believed in
creating a difference….
He took it to america but not a factory but an entire city that would go that path.
Believed in racial equality, spoke in racial group's big idea was that new harmony
was no such thing as private property. Laws coerce people, force people, laws are no good, so do voluntary things. They didn't believe in marriage, or religion,
Time money was currency or money based on how long it took you to do
something doing a desk. Paid in how long it took you to do something. Owen
bought acres. Initially worked but more people came to the city. Take advantage of
the situation. It would fall apart and be abandoned by the founders.
Another group was transcendentalists, was an intellectual idea that spiritualism
lives in everything. Essentially it was pushing against individualism, and
industrialism, searching for a deeper meaning in life. Nature of society based on
revolution. Many famous american writers that supported like melvin try to find
individualism, emerson was a transcendentalists.
The oneida community. Was found by John Hummory WIS in . Christ has returned
in the year 70 and reached earth. They began favorying the perfect race. Believed
women were not the property of men or children of father. They advocated birth
control and produced new clothing for women. Believed in no special love. You
should not have a spouse for your life. Because it leads to jealousy and control.
And then told them to sleep with 3 different people a week. Silverware was famous
from Oneida. ● What was the “Second Great Awakening”? Who did it affect and what was its key
There were attempts to alter society, a greater response came from.
2nd great awakening was very similar a religious survival, emotional convergence
here is the important point was the idea of Perfectionism a believe that could live
sinless life. Perfection was possible. ● What did this movement encourage its followers to do?
They strive for perfection on earth. Far more women to men affected them. In
church they were getting the idea of women of america to make it happen. And
combat the sins. If you want Christ to return this is your duty. ● What did this movement encourage its followers to do?
The second awakening becomes a driver to become more actively attracted. Bible
societies. Pass out what Christ said, establishment of sunday schools. Women
started running them for kids. Next step was to attack prostitution. They stopped
the delivery of men. Last two things were fighting alcoholism, temperance, and
finally opposing immigration.
● Why did Immigrants come to the U.S?
Immigration, Irish and Germans were the top immigrants prior to the civil war. In
1820 and 1855 irish became half of the population and Germans were second.
Dwarfing every other nationality.
● What groups formed in response to immigration? What did they propose? What was
1} Germans and 2} Irish. In Germany there was political upheaval. A Lot of wars
that germans flew to america, irish came because they were very poor. Germans
tended to be farmers. Irish in New York or that area since they were poor economic
ability. Germans would go to the north like MN or WI. Companies recruited
immigrants since they wanted cheap owners. They get stuck doing this. Many were
lied, Many didn't stay, they would leave. ...
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