14-The Sectional Crisis

14-The Sectional Crisis - HISTORY1301 UNITIV:Divine,Chpt.14...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
HISTORY 1301 UNIT IV: Divine, Chpt. 14 The Sectional Crisis I.  The 1850’s: A Time of Crises A.  The Decade of the 1850’s witnessed a number of events and developments that would  conclude with secession and the Civil War. 1.  The debate over slavery, long simmering beneath the surface, became an explosive   issue . The Constitution made it clear that slavery could remain in those states that  already had it, but left the determination of slavery elsewhere up to Congress,  creating serious political problem. The acquisition of new territory in the West and Southwest and population growth  in the Louisiana Territory raised the question of whether slavery could expand  into those regions. Southerners would come to view attempts to limit the expansion of slavery and  contain it within its existing boundaries as an attempt to kill it. Abolitionist attacks on slavery led to an increasing defensiveness on the part of  Southerners who viewed them as attacks not only on slavery but on the very  society and culture of the South itself. 2.  The political party system fell apart under these pressures . Both Democrats and Whigs became divided internally between Northern wings  that opposed slavery and Southerners who defended it. The Whig Party disappeared because of these problems to be replaced by a new  Republican Party that Southerners viewed as an openly anti-slavery party. In the midst of this, third parties appeared demonstrating the failures of the  existing party system. 3.  The nation suffered under an extended period of weak national leadership . Congress was hopelessly divided over the slavery issue. After many years of reasonably good leadership, the 1850’s saw some of the  weakest presidents in the history of the nation up to that point. This culminated in 1856 with the election of James Buchanan, arguably the worst  president in the history of the U.S. The election of a strong president – Abraham Lincoln – in 1860 only served as  the worst fear of Southerners and led to secession. B. A series of events, each one building on the tensions created by the preceding,  generated the final crisis. California and the Compromise of 1850 1
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
The Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854) and the ongoing crisis in Kansas. The Dred Scott decision (1857) The Lincoln-Douglas debates (1858) John Brown’s raid on Harper’s Ferry (1859) The Election of 1860. II. California and the Compromise of 1850
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 11/21/2010 for the course HCC HISTORY taught by Professor Danyy during the Spring '10 term at HCCS.

Page1 / 13

14-The Sectional Crisis - HISTORY1301 UNITIV:Divine,Chpt.14...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online