TEST #2 - 4- John Dickenson Articles of Confederation...

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Unformatted text preview: 4- John Dickenson Articles of Confederation Confederation Period1777- originally, that AOC strong central govt that could deal with the war and commercial issues as wellFear was a strong central would be like a monarchyGutted AOC, changed it to govt that was highly decentralized - most of the power lies with the states, not the federal congress, weak central His original failed because it was too revolutionary to ask men to surrender their power to a central govt.Narrow vision o once it was complete Govt under the AOC 5-6-8 Shays Rebellion Daniel Shays had fought in the warWestern Massachusetts farmers were broke, couldnt pay billsPut in debtors prison Retailers take them to debtors courts, if convicted they go to prison Massachusetts landowners unsympatheticProtests start to erupt, people ignored themSamuel Adams aloof and looked down upon farmers, supported their im-prisonmnentShays loses his farm, trains an army, decide against Massachusetts elites and the debtors courtsSept 29, 1785 Shays and his men march to Springfield, marched to the debt-ors courtsShut the courts down Then the rebellion spreads outside of Springfield Terrifies the ruling elite and the merchants of MassThe rebellion grows tremendously in numbersMilitia versus Shays - fire breaks outShays men are captured as well as Shays Rebellion is put down 150 rebels hung for treason Shays rebellion is crucial in the call for a new, strong central govtFEAR for the founding fathers lower class did not view the govt as legitim-ateCONSTITUIOINAL CONVENTION Annapolis Convention group of nationalist leaders who called upon the states to choose delegations to the new convention send people to Phil-adelphia that have the strong ability to render a new framework of govtAll states, except Rhode Island, sent delegatesWhy Rhode Island retain exclusive control over trade55 men attend the convention represent an extraordinary array of talents and profession legal minds1/3 had fought in the warAt least 19 own slavesOne great assets committed to finding a solution to the crisis that was grip-ping the new nation crisis of confidence*Major debate at the convention May to Sept of 17871.Large states versus small states James Madison Virginia Plan blueprint for the federal govtExecutive branch, Legislative branch (bicameral) and judicial Check and balancesWilliam Paterson New Jersey Plan (small state)His idea was very similar to the AOCOverwhelming voted down7- Treaty of Paris (Sept. 3, 1783)-- guaranteed the independence of the U.S.-- transferred all territory east of the Mississippi north of Spanish Flor-ida to U.S.-- Americans agreed to honor debts to British and compensate Loyalists who had lost their lands....
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This note was uploaded on 11/21/2010 for the course HCC HISTORY taught by Professor Danyy during the Spring '10 term at HCCS.

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TEST #2 - 4- John Dickenson Articles of Confederation...

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