TexasGovernmentPacket

TexasGovernmentPacket - Government 2301 State and Local...

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Government 2301 State and Local Government Texas Government : The basic structure and historic development of the Texas government. Texas Constitution : The basic history of seven Texas Constitutions. The relevance of the first six is the impact they had on the seventh. Terms to know: (If you can’t fid them in your book, look elsewhere) Unicameral Bicameral Reconstruction Biennial Secession Federalism Unitary government Popular sovereignty Initiative Referendum Recall Statutory law Limited government Suffrage Right-to work State powers ----see the Tenth Am. (U.S. Constitution) ----police powers, taxing power, proprietary power Know the special conditions allowed for Texas’ entry into the United States in 1845 and how this differs from the admission of the other 36 states admitted after the adoption of the U.S. Constitution. Know the main elements of the current Texas Constitution: --How it is amended --limits on the government --bill of rights Local Government in Texas : How and why we have the city governments we have. Terms to know: Dillon Rule General Law cities Home Rule cities Forms of city government/ Mayor-council, commission, council-manager Weak mayor , strong mayor Metro government COGS
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Regressive taxes Progressive taxes Tax exemptions ------Homestead exemptions Tax abatements Revenue Bonds Charter Primary source of income for each level of government Mandate Spoils system -----patronage -----machine politics Civil Service System Special Districts Privatization Urban problems ----urban blight ----white-flight ----the graying of cities ----crime ----urban sprawl County Government ----know the basic structure and role of counties in Texas ----the basic role of the various county officials Elections and parties in Texas : Non-partisan elections/ partisan elections Single-member district elections At-large elections The basic history of Texas’ domination by Democrats and the Republican gains in recent years. Summary : Texas has a state government that is weak by design. Its power is limited and it is operated by elected officials whose powers are limited and dispersed. Be able to explain or recognize how and why the three branches of government are weak and have their powers dispersed or limited. The how and why cannot be understood and explained without a general understanding of Texas history. Texas has local governments that are the result of several historic factors. Understanding Texas local government structure requires a general knowledge of our constitutional development, the reform movement that was part of the progressive era, and changes that have resulted from the evolution of American federalism, primarily concerning civil rights issues. In our first class meeting I gave you a list of key terms that I told you would be relevant to everything we would discuss during the semester. Review the list. If you do
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not see how any of them has played a role in shaping Texas’ state and local governments, raise the question in class. That list again:
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This note was uploaded on 11/21/2010 for the course HCC HISTORY taught by Professor Danyy during the Spring '10 term at HCCS.

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TexasGovernmentPacket - Government 2301 State and Local...

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