Chapter 8 Varieties of American Nationalism

Chapter 8 Varieties of American Nationalism - Chapter 8...

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Chapter 8 Varieties of American Nationalism A. Growing Econ a. Banking Currency, and protection i. Post war issues 1. 2. Underlined need for another national bank a. Large number of state banks i. Numerous bank notes made business difficult ii. Integrity not guaranteed ii. Second Bank of U.S 1. Chartered by Congress in 1816 2. Had more capital than 1 st Bank 3. Could pressure state banks to be honest iii. Growth of Manufacturers- Textiles 1. Cloth weaving initially done by family handlooms 2. Lowell textile mill a. Developed power loom b. Combined spinning and weaving in a single factory c. Revolutionized American manufacturing industry iv. A Protective Tariff a. Pass in 1816 to protect American industry from Brit competition i. British sold goods below cost to recapture Amrcn mrkt b. Caused frmrs to hv to pay ^ prices for mnfctrd goods b. Transport i. Gov’t Funded Roads 1. National Road built frm MD to OH using money frm public land sale 2. Penn paid private company to extend Lancaster pike to Pitt 3. Transport costs across mountains lower than ever despite ^ tolls
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ii. Steamboats 1. Steam-powered shipping began before war 2. Became most common form of transport on Mississippi 3. Stimulated agricultural eco of the South iii. Vetoing Internal Improvements 1. Madison wanted Constitutional amendment to establish trnsprt ntwrk 2. Calhoun introduces II bill 3. Passed by congress vetoed by Madison b/c congress did not have authority w/o constitutional amendment B. Expanding Westward a. The Great Migrations i. Reasons for Westward Expansion 1. Overpop a. Agricultural lands in the east taken up b. Spread of plantation system and slave labor limited new opp for new settlers 2. West becoming more attracted to settlers 3. The factor system 4. Government supplied goos to the tribes at cost 5. Drove Canadian traders out and made natives easy 2 control C. The Plantation System in the SW a. Cotton growing i. Old South losing fertility from erosion and overplanting ii. Farmers sought fresh land to grow cotton for ^ market b. Cotton and the Expansion of slavery i. Small farmers arrived to make small clearings ii. Wealthier planters bought off farms while original settlers move west iii. Wealthy planters brought slave w/ them D. Trading and Trapping in the Far West
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Chapter 8 Varieties of American Nationalism a. Mexican market i. Mexico opened trade with US after gaining independence ii. American merchants dominated trade, displaced Mexican and Indian traders
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This note was uploaded on 11/21/2010 for the course HIST 2314 taught by Professor Gardner during the Spring '10 term at University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson.

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Chapter 8 Varieties of American Nationalism - Chapter 8...

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