Chapter 9 Jacksonian America - CHAPTER 9: JACKSONIAN...

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CHAPTER 9: JACKSONIAN AMERICA A. The Expanding Electorate a. Not a large change in economy b. Transformation of American politics—extended the right to vote widely to many groups c. 1820 few Americans able to vote; most states restricted it to white propertied men d. Jackson changes in voting rights i. Universal white male suffrage (esp. in newly created states) ii. Older states began making concessions as to not lose residents iii. Every state democratized electorate to some degree 1. NY cited DOI life, liberty, pursuit of happiness –property qualification abolished e. Resistance provoked democratic reform fell short of the aims i. Mass legislature Daniel Webster opposed the democratic change –couldn’t bring a drastic change but the new constitution required every voter be a tax paye. ii. Rhode Island democratization efforts caused instability –RI constitution barred ½ adult males of state from voting 1. Dorr Rebellion –activist and lawyer Thomas L. Dorr led a group of his followers and formed a “People’s party”—held a convention drafted a new constitution, submitted it to popular vote a. His constitution was rejected—the Dorrites began setting up a new government with a constitution with Dorr as governor and claimed legitimacy b. Dorrites made a brief, ineffectual effrt 2 capture the state arsenal — failed —BUT + pressure draft a new constitution f. South election laws favored planters, politicians of older countries, limit influence of western areas i. Slaves disfranchised by definition not citizens, no political or legal rights ii. Free blacks could not vot anywhere in the South, hardly anywhere in North g. Women couldn’t vote in any state
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CHAPTER 9: JACKSONIAN AMERICA h. Written Vote v. Spoken Vote at the time, a spoken vote was taken i. However, # of voters increased more rapidly than the population increased j. Now the people began choosing the electors and not the state legislatures B. The Legitimization of Party a. High voter participation a result of the growing interest in politics strengthening of party organization, and party loyalty
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This note was uploaded on 11/21/2010 for the course HIST 2314 taught by Professor Gardner during the Spring '10 term at University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson.

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Chapter 9 Jacksonian America - CHAPTER 9: JACKSONIAN...

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