lect april 13

lect april 13 - Lectapril13 16:32 Towardthemiddleages...

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Lect april 13 16:32 Toward the middle ages Today’s ids Indus river valley Roman empire Polytheism / monotheism Early middle ages Today’s music Enigma MCMXC Midterm – two weeks from today Major IDs 3 Big essay, on diamonds big picture questions Blue book Thursday April 22 nd Indus valley civilizatation  Flourished 2500-1600 BC o Modern day Pakistan, and Afghanistan Geographic area, exceeded Mesopotamia and Egypt
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o Geography and location very important to development Flourished off of the Indus river River fed largely by snow melts, fertile land, valleys near river bed Also another river also, Saraswati river also important Many inscriptions have been discovered, rise and fall is pretty much a mystery o Not a lot of information about this area, scripts cannot be translated,  o Indus river valley Saraswati river Harappa  o A large city there, 23000 people Mohenjo-daro o Main settlement, most well known and excavated o Very similar to Harappa o Population was 20-40 thousand  o Urban planning o Feature of the civilization, what emerges from excavations o Largest bronze age civilization o Active commerce with Mesopotamia, sites there very densely populated o Social stratification, different classes
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o Houses very spacious, grid typelike plan, built out of brick and stone o Central administration because the two sites were so similar  Water and sanitation  o Many of the houses had drainage systems, very advanced for this time  period, reflected in ideology o Design was oriented around this water irrigation, public and private wells,  bathing centers o Water storage towers o Over 700 wells found here Unique features, urban planning doesn’t reveal anything about religion, no  building is directly identifiable as a public temple or place of worship, very rare o No architecture that relates to government  o Type of government is unknown Illustrates how important written text is Pottery and crafts o Things left in archeological culture, they developed uniform system of  weights and measure o
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lect april 13 - Lectapril13 16:32 Towardthemiddleages...

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