lect april 22

lect april 22 - lectapril22 16:33 Todaysids Gunpowder...

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lect april 22 16:33 Today’s ids Gunpowder Toscanelli The Columbian exchange Tenochtitlan Music today, led zepplin kasmir Gunpowder’s Example of transference that occurred in 1300s, invented by chinese Mixture of three elements o Saltpeter (potassium nitrate) 75% o Sulfur – 10% charcoal remaining  It was called black / Saracen powder o Used primarily for fire works Eventually began to pass along silk trade routes o From central asia, to asia minor, to central Europe o Beginning in 1100, but didn’t reach Europe until 1300AD Figured out that the substance explodes, if you put projectile in a closed tube,  o Autocatylatic process, in this case it was the metals that had to be in place  for gun development
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o Places with best metallurgy were the first places with guns First guns were made of mixture of copper, tin and zinc,  o Called gunmetal o Made a cannonlike thing which they called a gun o Made cannonballs out of iron The word gun, means war, middle English word for war Gunhild, Ballista, blunderbuss o All terms for gun First weapons made early 1300s, in Europe Tremendous ramifications, revolutionized warfare o Helped spaniards come in and overwhelm the americas,  o Other people as well o Firearms weren’t as important for conquering of the incas Spanish had Harquebuses o Pizzaro and his men had a few, but they weren’t that important o Sound of guns very strong psychological effect Escopetas o A later Spanish musket, that was fairly advanced Toscanelli – 1470s He was the one who gave Columbus a map that allowed him to sail West
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Mapmaker that inspired Columbus, with the Renaissnace  o Ships became much better Most coveted part for Europeans, was the Orient, o Area that stretched from China and Japan o Italian merchants had a monopoly on the market o Problem was that the Islamic Turks took control of Constantinople Made trade much more difficult
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lect april 22 - lectapril22 16:33 Todaysids Gunpowder...

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