Anthropology - 6/2/10 Anthropology The study of humans;...

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6/2/10 Anthropology The study of humans; past present and future 1. The study of human variation a. physical: hominid form b. cultural: 2. Origins of Anthropology a. Age of Enlightenment: We started studying the human behavior and any human differences were attributed to biological variation b. Natural History Museums: Artifacts from European Colonies “Armchair anthropologists” c. Comparative Method: We compared them to European societies d. 20 th Century disciplines: Natural sciences, humanities, social sciences, anthropology fits in all 3. Contemporary Anthropology a. Cultural Anthropology: differences in human culture 1. archaeology: preliterate societies 2. ethnography: subgroups and subcultures b. Research methods: 1. ethnography, participant observation, structured interviews, ethnomethodology 4. Study of Variation in Human Cultures 1. Malinowski: developed ethnography, first participant observation study of Trobriand Islands, he lived with them and said that was the only way to understand the culture
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Anthropology - 6/2/10 Anthropology The study of humans;...

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