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Ch_6-2_Ideal_Gas_Law

# Ch_6-2_Ideal_Gas_Law - IDEAL GAS LAW Boyles Law(Volume and...

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IDEAL GAS LAW Boyle’s Law (Volume and Pressure)

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PV = 10 L atm 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 P (atm) V (L) 1.00 10 1.11 9 1.25 8 1.43 7 1.67 6 2.00 5 2.50 4 3.33 3 5.00 2 10.00 1 (atm) (L) P V Boyle’s Law: PV =k 1 or V = k 1 (1/P) Hyperbola At constant n and T
1 1.00 10 0.9 1.11 9 0.8 1.25 8 0.7 1.43 7 0.6 1.67 6 0.5 2.00 5 0.4 2.50 4 0.3 3.33 3 0.2 5.00 2 0.1 10.00 1 (atm) -1 (atm) (L) 1/P P V V = (10 L atm)(1/P) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1 1/P (1/atm) V (L) y x y = mx + b Linearization of data Slope = 10 L atm Boyle’s Law: PV =k 1 or V = k 1 (1/P)

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Charles Law (Volume and Temperature)
Charles Law (Volume and Temperature) y = mx + b V = mT -273.15m V = m(T -273.15) T in ºC V = mT T in K At constant n and P

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Avogadro's Law (Volume and amount [moles]) V = k 2 n At constant P and T
V = k 2 n at constant P and T Charle’s Law: V = mT at constant n and P Boyle’s Law: V = k 1 (1/P) at constant n and T SUMMARY Ideal Gas Law: PV = nRT V = RnT(1/P) 0.08206 L atm R K mol = 5 2 3 3 1.013 10 / 10 8.31 0.08206 8.31 1 L atm x N m m N m J R x x K mol atm L K mol K mol -

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Ch_6-2_Ideal_Gas_Law - IDEAL GAS LAW Boyles Law(Volume and...

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