coldwarcauses - . .TheSuperpower countries,, ,th

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The Cold War began in 1945 and ended in 1989.  Not a breath could be breathed after  the end of the Second World War before the Cold War was up and running. The Superpower  countries, United States of America and Soviet Union, were in the midst of an indirect battle.  Instead of fighting against one another, their allies were locked in combat, trying to prove which  country had more power overall. US and Soviet Union armies were instead attempting to outwit  each other in technological warfare. The defeat of Nazi Germany, death of US president  Roosevelt, Potsdam and Yalta conferences all led to the beginning of one the world’s worst war:  the Cold War. April 1945 saw the death of US president Franklin Roosevelt; Harry Truman replaced  him. As vice president, Truman was not involved with foreign affairs, leaving him ill-prepared for  the job at hand. He was left feeling weak and became more openly hostile toward the Soviet  Union. Eventually, the basis of Truman’s foreign affairs policy became containment, “actively  seeking to prevent the spread of communism” (Phillips, 2001, page 16). Due to his openly  agitated feelings toward communism, Truman forced a bigger rift between the superpowers. The defeat of Nazi Germany left the Soviet Union attempting to control Eastern Europe  in order to protect itself from attack.  At the same time, the USA saw a need to avert Europe  from falling into the hands of communism. Misunderstanding and lack of trust between both  countries would only supplement the cultivating hostility between them. This resulted in a  hardening of the division between Western and Eastern Europe. Countries in the west were  supported by large amounts of US aid, ensuring economic resurgence after the devastation of  World War II. Those in the east were now under the restraint of the Soviet Union and had  communist governments imposed upon them.
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