The Cold War began in 1945 and ended in 1989

The Cold War began in 1945 and ended in 1989 - The Cold War...

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The Cold War began in 1945 and ended in 1989. Not a breath could be breathed after the end of the Second World War before the Cold War was up and running. The Superpower countries, United States of America and Soviet Union, were in the midst of an indirect battle. Instead of fighting against one another, their allies were locked in combat, trying to prove which country had more power overall. US and Soviet Union armies were instead attempting to outwit each other in technological warfare. The defeat of Nazi Germany, death of US president Roosevelt, Potsdam and Yalta conferences all led to the beginning of one the world’s worst war: the Cold War. April 1945 saw the death of US president Franklin Roosevelt; Harry Truman replaced him. As vice president, Truman was not involved with foreign affairs, leaving him ill-prepared for the job at hand. He was left feeling weak and became more openly hostile toward the Soviet Union. Eventually, the basis of Truman’s foreign affairs policy became containment, “actively seeking to prevent the spread of communism” (Phillips, 2001, page 16). Due to his openly agitated feelings toward communism, Truman forced a bigger rift between the superpowers. The defeat of Nazi Germany left the Soviet Union attempting to control Eastern Europe in order to protect itself from attack. At the same time, the USA saw a need to avert Europe from falling into the hands of communism. Misunderstanding and lack of trust between both countries would only supplement the cultivating hostility between them. This resulted in a hardening of the division between Western and Eastern Europe. Countries in the west were supported by large amounts of US aid, ensuring economic resurgence after the devastation of World War II. Those in the east were now under the restraint of the Soviet Union and had communist governments imposed upon them. The eleven-day Potsdam Conference commenced on 17 July 1945.
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This note was uploaded on 11/20/2010 for the course HISTORY 250 taught by Professor Piper during the Spring '10 term at Piedmont College.

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The Cold War began in 1945 and ended in 1989 - The Cold War...

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