Review - Concept of Motivation (Peters)

Review - Concept of Motivation (Peters) - Peters begins by...

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Peters begins by illustrating the thesis that many different sorts of question can be asked about human behavior and that each requires a logically different type of answer. In asking the general question "why did X do that?" at least three sorts of answer might be relevant: (a) Just as an anthropologist seeks to discover the systematic framework of norms and goals in terms of which he hopes to classify the actions of the people he is studying, so for our own society we have to refer to a set of purposive rule-following models in order to show what is X's reason for acting. (b) However, there may be occasions on which X's reason for acting does not coincide with the reason for his action; a motive, without necessarily being unconscious, may be obscure. (c) Apart from reasons we sometimes ask "What made X do that?" We seek for a cause for a lapse or breakdown in behavior. Peters argues that this latter type of explanation is only appropriate in highly specific sorts of context and that it is a mistake to think of motives as causes of behavior. Causal
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Review - Concept of Motivation (Peters) - Peters begins by...

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