# Hw16_pdf - mcconnell(kam2342 – homework16 – Turner...

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Unformatted text preview: mcconnell (kam2342) – homework16 – Turner – (60230) 1 This print-out should have 12 questions. Multiple-choice questions may continue on the next column or page – find all choices before answering. 001 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points A 6 . 5 g wire has a density of 16 g / cm 3 and a resistivity of 1 . 35 × 10 − 7 Ω m. The wire has a resistance of 54 Ω. How long is the wire? Correct answer: 12 . 7475 m. Explanation: Let : m = 6 . 5 g = 0 . 0065 kg , ρ = 16 g / cm 3 = 16000 kg / m 3 , r = 1 . 35 × 10 − 7 Ω m , and R = 54 Ω . ρ is density, and r is the resistivity of the wire, so m = ρ V V = m ρ = A ℓ A = m ρ ℓ Thus the resistance is R = r ℓ A = r ℓ m ρ ℓ = r ρ ℓ 2 m ℓ 2 = R m ρ r ℓ = radicalBigg R m ρ r = radicalBigg (54 Ω) (0 . 0065 kg) (16000 kg / m 3 ) (1 . 35 × 10 − 7 Ω m) = 12 . 7475 m . 002 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points The wire is made up of atoms with valence 1 and mass 76 kg, where u = 1 . 6605 × 10 − 27 kg. What is the drift speed of the electrons when there is a voltage drop of 86 . 4 V across the wire? Correct answer: 0 . 000211489 m / s. Explanation: Let : n con = 1 , m μ = 76 kg = 76 kg , V = 86 . 4 V , N A = 6 . 02 × 10 23 , ρ = 16 g / cm 3 = 16000 kg / m 3 , ℓ = 12 . 7475 m , and q e = 1 . 602 × 10 − 19 C , where m μ is atomic mass, n con is number of conduction electron per an atom, and N A is Avogadro’s number. Since the current I is given by I = n q A v d , where n is the density of charge carriers, q the charge on an electron and v d the drift speed, we have v d = I n q e A = V n q e A R . (1) The density of charge carriers is found from knowing how many electrons there are per atom and then the total number of atoms in the wire. This density is n = n con ρ parenleftbigg m μ N A parenrightbigg = n con ρ N A m μ = (1) (16000 kg / m 3 ) (6 . 02 × 10 23 ) (76 kg) = 1 . 26737 × 10 26 m − 3 . Here, the mass of one atom is given by parenleftbigg Atomic mass Avogadro ′ s number parenrightbigg . mcconnell (kam2342) – homework16 – Turner – (60230) 2 Since the volume is the cross-sectional area multiplied by the length this tells us that A ℓ = m ρ , so A = m ρ ℓ = (76 kg) (16000 kg / m 3 ) (12 . 7475 m) = 0 . 000372621 m 2 , thus v d = V n q e A R (1) = (86 . 4 V) (1 . 26737 × 10 26 m − 3 ) × 1 (1 . 602 × 10 − 19 C) × 1 (0 . 000372621 m 2 ) × 1 (54 Ω) = . 000211489 m / s . 003 10.0 points Current is carried throughout the body of a type-II superconductor. Assume: The density of superconducting electrons is 5 × 10 27 m − 3 . If a Nb 3 Sn (type II) superconducting wire of cross sectional area 4 . 74 mm 2 can carry a 1 × 10 5 A supercurrent, what is the average (drift) velocity of the superconducting elec- trons?...
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Hw16_pdf - mcconnell(kam2342 – homework16 – Turner...

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