Research paper-1 - March 4, 2008 Working Women's Struggle...

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March 4, 2008 Working Women’s Struggle for Equality From the moment we are introduced to the world, society stresses the importance of gender roles. In America, infants are immediately identified by the style and color of their clothing; predominantly, girls wear pink and boys wear blue. Traditionally, women are expected to mind the household chores and take care of children while their spouses are at work. These socially learned expectations and behaviors that we are supposed to conform to are instilled in our minds from infancy. So what happens when a women makes the conscious decision to either begin working, or re-enter the workforce after having a child? Although society has made tremendous progress in achieving true equality among the sexes, many women still face discrimination in the workplace. In the United States, the Equal Pay Act of 1963 was established in an attempt to rid the workplace of differences in wages based on sex (eeoc.gov). This law is intended to make pay equal between men and women, if the skill required and work performed was similar (eeoc.gov). However, according to a U.S. Census poll in 2007, women are paid only 77 cents for every dollar a man earns (eeoc.gov). Sarah Glazer, author of “Gender and Learning”, points out that this difference in pay can result the average full- time worker anywhere between $700,000 and $2 million less than a man employed in an identical occupation. This difference in pay is sufficient reason for women to feel inferior and lose interest in work. Laws prohibiting discrimination in employment have given workers unprecedented opportunities that were not available to previous generations of women. However, the numerous employment possibilities have not resolved the issue of pay discrimination. Equal pay is an issue for women of all occupations. According to
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American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations, women professors receive an average of $233 less than men in similar positions do (Tully). In addition, male doctors are reported to receive almost $700 more than women doctors (Tully). With this difference in pay, women gain the assumption that they are
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Research paper-1 - March 4, 2008 Working Women's Struggle...

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