Chapter 2 Terms

Chapter 2 Terms - Chapter 2 Terms Collectivism (42) Giving...

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Chapter 2 – Terms Collectivism (42) – Giving priority to the goals of one’s groups (often one’s extended family or work group) and defining one’s identity accordingly. Defensive pessimism (68) – The adaptive value of anticipating problems and harnessing one’s anxiety to motivate effective action. Dual attitudes (51) – Differing implicit (automatic) and explicit (consciously controlled) attitudes toward the same object. Verbalized explicit attitudes may change with education and persuasion; implicit attitudes change slowly, with practice that forms new habits. False consensus effect (68) – The tendency to overestimate the commonality of one’s opinions and one’s undesirable or unsuccessful behaviors. False uniqueness effect (69) – The tendency to underestimate the commonality of one’s abilities and one’s desirable or successful behaviors. Group-serving bias (71) – Explaining away outgroup members’ positive behaviors; also attributing negative behaviors to their dispositions (while
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Chapter 2 Terms - Chapter 2 Terms Collectivism (42) Giving...

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