Vocab Midterm 1 Sociology

Vocab Midterm 1 Sociology - Vocab Midterm 1 Sociology...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Vocab Midterm 1 Sociology Chapter 1 Gender – The state of being male or female Sexual Behavior – Behavior that produces arousal and increases the chances of orgasm Cultivation – In communications theory, the view that exposure to the mass media makes people think that what they see there represents that mainstream of what really occurs Agenda setting –In communications theory, the idea that the media define what is important and what is not by which stories they cover Ethnocentrism –The tendency to regard ones own ethnic group and culture as superior to others and to believe that its customs and way of life are the standards by which other cultures should be judged. Culture –Traditional ideas and values passed down from generation to generation within a group and transmitted to the members of the group by symbols. Incest taboo –A regulation prohibiting sexual activity between relatives Chapter 2 Sociobiology –The application of evolutionary biology to understanding the social behavior of animals, including humans. Evolutionary psychology –The study of psychological mechanisms that have been shaped by natural selection. Psychoanalytic theory –(Frued) Theory saying the human personality is unconscious. Libido –(Frued)Term for sex energy or sex drive. Id –(Frued)Part of the personality containing libido. Ego –(Frued)Part of personality that helps the person have realistic, rational interactions. Superego –(Frued)Part of personality containing the conscience. Erogenous Zone –Areas of the body that are particularly sensitive to sexual stimulation. Oedipus Complex–(Frued)Sexual attraction of a little boy for his mother Electra complex –(Frued) Sexual attraction of a little girl for her father. Operant Conditioning –The process of changing the frequency of a behavior by following it with a reward of consequence. Behavior modification –A set of operant conditioning techniques used to modify behavior. Self-efficacy –A sense of competence at performing an activity. Social Exchange Theory –People will choose actions that maximize rewards and minimize costs. Medicalization of sexuality –sexual behaviors or conditions are defined in terms of health and illness. Some experiences are given medical treatment. Symbolic Interaction theory –A theory based on the premise that human nature and social order are products of communication among people. Chapter 3 Random Sample –Each member of the population has an equal chance of being included in the sample Probability Sampling – Each member of the population has a known probability of being included in the sampling. Purposeful distortion –Purposely giving false information in a survey
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Test-retest reliability –To test whether self reports are reliable and accurate, Participant is interviewed once and one more time later on to see if the answers are the same both times. Computer assisted self-interview –A method of data collection in which the respondents
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/03/2008 for the course SOC 160 taught by Professor Delamater during the Fall '07 term at Wisconsin.

Page1 / 5

Vocab Midterm 1 Sociology - Vocab Midterm 1 Sociology...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online