Midterm 2 - Midterm 2 Sexuality in childhood Childhood...

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Midterm 2 Sexuality in childhood - Childhood – birth to puberty Learning about Gender - Gender identity - Process begins with gender assessment –boy or girl - People say most important event of life. Tells how to treat them - Latency- loss interest in sex at age 6 until puberty (Frued) - fixed sexual identity (Freud) - Both said to be wrong - Gender constancy – Children learn that there are boys and girls. That is constant 1. Observation learning- Observance of parents and gender - People are attracted to people like their mother and father because they are comfortable around them. Infidelity runs deep with in family history- Ann Pearlman. Learning about sex - Sexual object choice- who is appropriate to have sex with - By age 5 – kids get dynamics of relationship. Often ask mother and father to marry them. - Sexual Exploration - Masturbation – many children play with genitals ages 5 to 8 years old. (15% boys and 20% girls) - Physical pleasure mixed with genital stimulation - leads to sexual motivation - Parents who catch child often react in anger Sex Play- Mutual foreplay/ sexual desire - respond moral by parents can have a long term effect on child - Not clear as if child thinks about this as sex? Sex Education at Home - Where do babies come from – Parent response varies tremendously - Few parents will talk to kids about sex during that time - Parents try to give child that they are not sexual -children are good and asexual The Big Lie - Child = Good (+) Sex = Bad (-) - Therefore – Child (+) + Sex (-) = Bad (-) - Creates a cognitive barrier * Person who grows up thinking sex is bad, difficult and integrates sex into life. 10/8/07 Sex Education at Home - The Big Lie – Schaefer - “Don’t touch that” – Parents say to children about sex Consequences - Misinformation – Children are given wrong into about sex
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- Reliance on friends – peers can be a source of bad info. - “Bad” decisions – bad moral decisions, decisions result in sex, aids, and baby - At home study - Kids often report lower than adults about talking about sex - 13 to 15 % say kids less than 10-12 talk about sex Parental Attitudes - Failure of parents talking to there children about sex creates the situation where we need to have sex ed. in high school - Parents feel unprepared – uneducated in there education - Afraid parents are sexually active and they don’t want children to know - 93% of adults support sex in high school School- Based Programs - Content – Good fit between what parents want and what is being taught - Clinics in the school – evolved in Chicago – 1/3 of girls got pregnant in one year - 3 staff days by a nurse/ 3 rd year cut pregnancy in 1/2 - 400 cities have a least one clinic in it. Accomplishing purpose Politics in Sex Education - Well financed, not very supported - Verona – Buses came from Green Bay church to Board Meeting - Abstinence Only Education - 1996 – Started paying schools that teach abstinence only education - 200 million dollars spent a year for these programs - No impact on abstinence only programs - 11 states refuse money – 160 cities - 200 plus health organization writes letters to Bush each year.
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