white collar crimes - White Collar Crimes By: Brent...

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White Collar Crimes By: Brent Kohlenberg
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Table of Contents Chapter 1: Introduction . ............................................................................................ p. 2 Chapter 2: History of white collar crimes . ................................................................ p. 3 a. Definition b. Founder c. Types of white collar crime Chapter 3: White Collar Crimes. ............................................................................... p. 6 a. Fraud b. Forgery c. Embezzlement d. Insider Trading e. Identity Theft Chapter 4: Defense against White Collar Crimes . .................................................... p. 14 Chapter 5: Analysis of Primary Data. ........................................................................ p. 17 Chapter 6: Conclusion . .............................................................................................. p. 19 Appendix A . .............................................................................................................. p. 20 a. Template of Survey Appendix B . .............................................................................................................. p. 22 a. Results of Survey Works Cited . ............................................................................................................. p. 24 2
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Chapter 1: Introduction The idea of “white collar criminality” was first introduced by Edwin H. Sutherland during his presidential address at the American Sociological Society Meeting in December, 1939 (ASA). This phrase generally encompasses a mixture of non-violent crimes usually committed for some type of financial gain. These types of financial gains range from computer/Internet fraud to money laundering. According to the National Fraud Center statistics, “The cost of economic crime has risen from $5 billion in 1970 to $100 billion in 1990, and is only expected to increase as occurrences become more frequent” (Onlinelawyersource). With the evolution of technology since the 1970’s, white collar crimes have become more prevalent in today’s society. Clearly, more emphasis must be placed on protecting everyone. In addition to the protection, those committing white collar crimes should receive more drastic punishments. Throughout the course of this paper, I will raise awareness to this unseen villain and to illustrate the need for changing punishments and views of white collar crime. 3
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Chapter 2: History of White Collar Crimes For those who do not know what a white collar crime refers to, it is “A crime committed by a person of respectability and high social status in the course of his occupation” (White). This idea of this crime first introduced by Edwin H. Sutherland raised concerns about the communities with high criminal activity and no enforcement for those offenders. Although these crimes are frequently occurring every day, there is a limited amount of information available since the only information available for these offenses is of those who are arrested for committing a crime. The different types of offenses that are considered are forgery/counterfeit, fraud, embezzlement, identity theft, and insider trading. With the emergence of the first WAN in 1965, the white collar crime rate has increased drastically ever since. This WAN was set up between MIT and the System Development Corporation by Thomas Merrill and Lawrence Roberts. As the years progressed, fiber optic cables were born, as well as the ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency Network). In 1970, the Ethernet was born and was just the start for this new explorative highway of information. From 1970 to 1996, there were over 9 million Internet host computers, 30 new countries on the Internet, and the MCI Company established a 622 mega byte per second (Mbps) communications (Anderberg). Finally, in 2001 the idea of wireless communication was born.
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white collar crimes - White Collar Crimes By: Brent...

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