Lecture 20 - Lecture 21 11/18/10 Origins of Neoclassical...

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Lecture 21 11/18/10 Origins of Neoclassical symphony (occurred roughly during the second half of the 18 th century ) Sammartini (1700-75) was an early influence whose symphonies had little similarity to later ones. Rationality in structure was more emphasized in Neoclassical music compared to Romantic music. Italian Sinfonia , three typical movements: Allegro, andante, allegro form, last movement is pretty short. Neoclassical symphony usually lasts no longer than 9 minutes. Early symphonies usually use small orchestra comparing to the modern grand scale. Mannheim orchestra developed techniques that greatly influenced later symphonies . Mannheim rocket: (soft loud) ascending sound. Mannheim orchestra led by Stamitz , he advanced the symphony after Sammartini. Stamitz moved the center of music from Italy to Germany and increased the size of the orchestra, including more instruments. Viennese symphony usually consists of two contrasting themes, theme and countertheme ( Wagenseil ). Haydn and Mozart, (1756-1791), are representative figures from Vienna. Gossec, the representative figure from Paris , applies revolutionary elements to his music. Paris
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Lecture 20 - Lecture 21 11/18/10 Origins of Neoclassical...

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