9 - Covalent Bonding

9 - Covalent Bonding - Covalent Bonding General Chemistry...

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Covalent Bonding Covalent Bonding General Chemistry General Chemistry Chapter 9 Chapter 9
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Localized Electron Model Localized Electron Model Deficiencies Deficiencies Molecules with odd # of electrons Molecules with odd # of electrons ordinary 's' and 'p' orbitals involved in  ordinary 's' and 'p' orbitals involved in  bonding, the expected bond angles would  bonding, the expected bond angles would  all be 90° all be 90° H-C-H H H
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Hybridization Hybridization The idea of Hybridization is that atomic orbitals blend together to form  Molecular Hybrid Orbitals that arrange themselves as would the repulsions in VSEPR Theory
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Hybridization Hybridization Hybrid orbitals:  Hybrid orbitals: atomic orbitals obtained  when two nonequivalent orbitals of the  same atom combine in preparation for  covalent bond formation
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An Important Point to Remember About Hybrid Orbitals They Do Not Exist Until the Molecule Forms A Carbon Atom Does Not Have Four Hybrid Orbitals Waiting for Hydrogen Atom to Overlap With Them
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Five kinds of Hybrid Orbitals Five kinds of Hybrid Orbitals sp hybridization sp hybridization sp sp 2 2  hybridization  hybridization sp sp 3 3  hybridization  hybridization sp sp 3 3 d hybridization d hybridization sp sp 3 3 d d 2 2  hybridization  hybridization
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Hybridization Hybridization
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Hybrid Orbitals Each Is Named According to Which
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This note was uploaded on 11/22/2010 for the course CHM 121 taught by Professor Scheru during the Spring '09 term at Oakton.

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9 - Covalent Bonding - Covalent Bonding General Chemistry...

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