1 - an introduction to child development

1 - an introduction to child development - Why Study Child...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Why Study Child Development? 01:06 Raising Children Child-development research can help answer questions  Strategies are useful for other people who contribute to raising children  Choosing Social Policies Be able to make informed decisions about one’s own child and also about  social-policy questions that affect children in general  Understanding Human Nature Better understand human nature  Within limits, human nature is sufficiently flexible to overcome extreme  deprivations experienced in the early years  o The timing of experiences often influences their effects
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Historical Foundations of the Study of Child Development 01:06 Early Philosophical Views of Children’s Development Plato and Aristotle were interested in how children’s development is  influenced by their nature and their nurturing  Believed that the long-term welfare of society depended on children being  raised properly  Aristotle was concerned with fitting child rearing to the needs of the individual  child  Plato and Aristotle differed more in their views of how children acquire  knowledge o Plato believed that children are born with innate knowledge  o Aristotle believed that all knowledge comes from experience John Locke and Jean-Jacque Rousseau refocused attention on the question  of how parents and the general society can best promote child development  o Locke viewed the child as a tabula rasa Rousseau believed that parents and society should give children maximum  freedom from the beginning  The Beginnings of Research on Children A scientific approach to understanding child development began to emerge as  a result of two converging forces: social reform movements and Charles  Darwin’s theory of evolution Early social reform movements established a legacy of research conducted  for the benefit of children  Charles Darwin’s work on biological evolution inspired a number of scientists  to propose that an intensive study of child development might lead to  important insights into the nature of the human species  The Emergence of Child Development as a Discipline o Child development began to emerge as a formal field of inquiry  The first theories of child development to incorporate research findings  began to emerge o
Background image of page 2
Enduring Themes in Child Development 01:06 Nature and Nurture: How Do Nature and Nurture Together Shape Development? Nature: Biological endowment, the genes we receive from our parents 
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 11/16/2010 for the course PSYC 355 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Maryland.

Page1 / 9

1 - an introduction to child development - Why Study Child...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online