12 - the family

12 - the family - The Nature and Functions of the Family...

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The Nature and Functions of the Family 21:18 Functions of Families Families in all societies serve several functions related to child rearing o Survival of offspring: Families help to ensure that children survive to  maturity o Economic function: Families provide the means for children to acquire the  skills and other resources they will need to be economically productive in  adulthood o Cultural training: Families teach children the basic values of their culture  The first function is the most fundamental  o If children are to fare well, they must learn the skills needed to make a  living and the values and norms of the society they live in  Family Dynamics How the family operates as a whole  o No member of a family functions in isolation  o Families are complex social units whose members are all interdependent  and reciprocally influence each other  Family members all influence on another, both directly and indirectly, through  their behaviors o Family functioning is influenced by the social support that parents receive  from kin, friends, neighbors, and social institutions  o Family dynamics must be looked at developmentally  As children grow older, the nature of parent-child interactions changes  Family dynamics may be altered by changes in parents, in the marital  relationship, or in the relationships of other family members  o Alternations in the family structure can influence interactions among family  members and may affect family routines and norms  Both biological characteristics of children and parental behaviors contribute to  the nature of parent-child interactions  o Biological characteristics of family members affect family interactions 
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The Influence of Parental Socialization 21:18 Socialization: The process through which children acquire the values, standards,  skills, knowledge, and behaviors that are regarded as appropriate for their  present and future role in their particular culture 
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The Influence of Parental Socialization 21:18 Parents as direct instructors: Parents may directly teach their children skills,  rules, and strategies and explicitly inform or advice them Parents as indirect socializes: Parents provide indirect socialization through  their own behaviors with and around their children  Parents as social managers: Parents manage their children’s experiences and  social lives o Especially prominent and influential when children young  Parenting Styles and Practices Parenting styles: Parenting behaviors and attitudes that set the emotional  climate of parent-child interactions  o Parents differ in the overall emotional tone they bring to their parenting 
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This note was uploaded on 11/16/2010 for the course PSYC 355 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Maryland.

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12 - the family - The Nature and Functions of the Family...

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