18 - emotional and social development in late adulthood

18 - emotional and social development in late adulthood -...

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Erikson’s Theory: Ego Integrity versus Despair 01:38 Ego integrity versus despair: Coming to terms with one’s life  Adults who arrive at a sense of integrity feel whole, complete, and satisfied  with their achievements  The capacity to view one’s life in the larger context of all humanity contributes to  the serenity and contentment that accompany integrity  Despair occurs when elders feel they have made many wrong decisions, yet time  is too short to find an alternate route to integrity  Finds it hard to accept that death is near and is overwhelmed with bitterness,  defeat, and hopelessness
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Other Theories of Psychosocial Development in Late  Adulthood 01:38 Peck’s Tasks of Ego Integrity and Joan Erikson’s Gerotranscendence Tasks o Ego differentiation versus work-role preoccupation Aging people who have invested heavily in their careers must find other  ways of affirming their self-worth o Body transcendence versus body preoccupation Older adults must transcend physical limitations by emphasizing the  compensating rewards of cognitive, emotional, and social powers o Ego transcendence versus ego preoccupation The elderly must find a way to face the reality of death constructively  Ego integrity requires that older adults move beyond their life’s work, their  bodies, and their separate identities  o Body transcendence and ego transcendence increase in very old age  Gerotranscendence: A cosmic and transcendent perspective directed forward  and outward, beyond the self  Labouvie-Vief’s Emotional Expertise Cognitive-affective complexity increases from adolescence through middle  adulthood, then declines as basic information-processing skills diminish in late  adulthood o Affect optimization: The ability to maximize positive emotion and dampen  negative emotion  Older adults’ emotional perceptiveness helps them separate interpretations  from objective aspects of situations  o Their coping strategies often include making sure they fully understand  their own feelings before deciding on a course of action  Reminiscence and Life Review Reminiscence: Telling stories about people and events from their past and  reporting associated thoughts and feelings  o Reflecting on the past can be positive and adaptive Life review: The person calls up, reflects on, and reconsiders past  experiences, contemplating their meaning with the goal of achieving greater  self-understanding
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Other Theories of Psychosocial Development in Late  Adulthood 01:38 o Most engage in life review as part of attaining ego integrity and accepting  the end of life  Many elders do not spend much time evaluating their pasts
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This note was uploaded on 11/16/2010 for the course EDHD 320 taught by Professor Parkinson during the Fall '08 term at Maryland.

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18 - emotional and social development in late adulthood -...

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