9 - motivation and learning-optimizing the expierence

9 - motivation and learning-optimizing the expierence -...

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What Does It Mean to Be Motivated? 19:22 A significant decline in students’ interest in educational pursuits emerges in early  adolescence and persists throughout the remainder of their schooling  Defining the Construct Motivations: The psychological processes “involved in the direction, vigor, and  persistence of behavior”  o Underlie every human action  Motivation is the fuel that propels individuals through a problem space toward  a desired goal or end  There are varied perspectives on motivation  o Social-cognitive orientation: Finds the roots of human motivation in  interactions with and observations of others  o Humanistic in orientation: Internally focused and dealing with individuals  striving for self-determinations, personal fulfillment, or self-actualization  o Behavioral views: Externally focused and deal with the conditioning of  human behavior  The rewards and punishments that “motivate” students to behave in  desired ways Reviewing the History Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs o Explains that human states result from life experiences and from  individuals’ attempts to gain control over their situations  Individuals must conquer their lower, primal needs before addressing  more enriching, sophisticated ones  o Those who satisfy their needs continue to develop and mature  psychologically  Self-actualization: Optimal human state Deficiency needs: Fundamental human wants or needs Growth needs: More complex an self-enriching needs o Deficiency Needs Physiological well-being, physical and psychological safety, and  feelings of love and belonging 
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The gateway to subsequent positive growth  o Growth Needs Expanding or enriching life  Growing as humans and maximizing whatever potential exists  A quest for knowledge and understanding, a deep-seated curiosity or  interest that guides human actions  Seek intellectual challenges, find pleasure in art and music or creative  pursuits, and are fulfilled by serving others  o A Developmental View The movement from deficiency needs to growth needs follows an age- related path  o Educational Implications Educators can contribute to feelings of belonging and self-esteem by  ensuring that students engage in group learning activities that are  socially and academically reinforcing  The contributions an potential of each student should be publicly  and privately celebrated  Teachers can demonstrate their own passions for knowledge  seeking  Research into Human Needs and Drives o Motivations can be understood as outgrowths or manifestations of basic  human needs and drives  o Primary and Secondary Needs
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