11 - shared learning and shared instruction

11 - shared learning and shared instruction - In What Ways...

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In What Ways is Learning Shared or Distributed? 03:03 Behaviorism and cognition, as represented by information-processing theory,  share two undeniable attributes Both theories and their prescriptions for learning and development focus on  the individual in relative isolation from others Both behaviorists and information-processing theorists overlooked the power  of the social contexts in which humans live and learn  Learning does not take place in a vacuum  It requires human interaction in a stimulating and supporting social  environment All learning is to some extent socially shared and socially distributed Learning happens at a specific time and in a specific place, and the  characteristics of that time and place matter greatly in how students learn and  develop  Educators have become increasingly aware of the importance of the social and  contextual dimensions of learning  Many educators have put aside past instructional models that set out to  eliminate or control any student-to-student interactions in the classroom for  the sake of order Instructional approaches and techniques today allow students to raise  questions and seek knowledge  Educators differ widely in the emphasis they place on these factors  The Theory Behind Social Interaction Zone of proximal development (ZPD): The distance between the actual  developmental level as determined by independent problem solving and the  level of potential development through problem solving under adult guidance  or in collaboration with more capable peers When aided by a more knowledgeable or skillful peer or teacher, the level of  quality of students’ thinking and performance is markedly above their thinking  or performance when working independently  Person-plus or person-solo learning environments o Person-plus learning environments offer numerous benefits for students  and teachers The cognitive responsibilities involved in any academic task are  distributed among individuals 
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Distributed or shared intelligence: The mental sharing and collective  thinking  The Basics of Shared Learning Competition Versus Shared Learning o Competition: An educational orientation whereby teachers assess student 
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11 - shared learning and shared instruction - In What Ways...

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