9 - education and achievement

9 - education and achievement - Women's Educational Values...

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Women’s Educational Values, Attainment, and Campus  Experience 20:14 Men earn higher salaries than women and occupy higher positions in their jobs More men than women achieve prominence in domains such as politics,  literature, and the professions  Educational Value Female and males place a similar value on college education and report  similar explanations for desiring a degree  o Both mentioned enjoyment, determination, and skill, as well as career  plans, occupational prestige, and financial reward  o Found no gender differences in the educational expectations Educational Attainment Within each ethnic group, women obtain the majority of associate’s,  bachelor’s, master’s, and doctoral degrees o Both doctoral and professional levels of education have experienced a  dramatic change in the participation of women in the past few decades  o Women earn about ¾ of degrees in veterinary medicine and 2/3 of  degrees in pharmacy o Earn nearly ½ of the law and medical degrees High level of educational attainment by women is more true of able-bodied  women than of women with disabilities  Campus Climate Chilly climate: Faculty members display different expectations or women  students, or single them out or ignore them  o This chilly atmosphere can negatively affect women’s feelings of self-worth  and confidence  o The impact may be even greater for ethnic minority women, lesbian and  bisexual women, and women with disabilities  Female faculty members can experience a chilly climate, especially when they  become mothers  Single-Sex Institutions o Women’s colleges provide more leadership opportunities for women  students, higher achievement expectations for them, and more female role  models within the faculty and administration 
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Students participate more actively in class, collaborate more frequently  with other students, and report higher levels of support Greater likelihood of close student-faculty relations, increased self- confidence and self-esteem, and less sexism  More likely to pursue male-dominated fields  The Academic Environment for Women of Color o Some women of color experience primarily White campuses as  unwelcoming and unsupportive  Report instances of raciest comments on the part of their professors  o “Stereotype threat” can affect the college experience of students of color  Creates a pressure to defy negative stereotypes about ability  o Experience the individualism prominent in academic life as inconsistent  with the collectivist values of their culture  The Academic Experience for Working-Class and Poor Women o Many of these women feel they had to hide their backgrounds from others 
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This note was uploaded on 11/16/2010 for the course PSYC 336 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Maryland.

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9 - education and achievement - Women's Educational Values...

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