13 - mental health

13 - mental health - Factors Promoting Mental Health 02:34...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Factors Promoting Mental Health 02:34 Social Support Receiving and giving social support plays an important role in maintaining  good mental health and helping people cope with stressful life events  o Association is especially strong for females Tend and Befriend o Women use social support as a coping aid more readily than men do  Women respond to stress by tending to themselves and their children  and by forming ties with others  Optimism: “The Power of Positive Thinking” An optimistic outlook has been linked to a variety of positive mental and  physical health outcomes
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Mental Health and Childhood and Adolescence 02:34 Girls show fewer adjustment problems in childhood More likely than boys to first manifest psychological difficulties during the  adolescent years  Stress levels increase for both genders during these years  o The patterns of stress girls encounter may leave them more vulnerable to  emotional disorders  Internalizing Disorders in Girls Adjustment problems that are more common in girls and women are often  labeled “internalizing problems”  o Harder to detect and easier to overlook than the externalizing problems  more often shown by boys and men  Externalizing Disorders in Girls Girls with externalizing disturbances are rarely studied  o Stereotype persists despite the fact that acts of violence by teenage girls  are on the increase  o Girls who show externalizing problems exhibit deficits in social, emotional,  and communication skills and elevated rates of substance use, anxiety,  and risky sexual behavior  o More likely to have difficulties as adults 
Background image of page 2
Eating Disorders 02:34 Types of Eating Disorders Anorexia Nervosa o A refusal to maintain a minimal normal body weight, intense fear of gaining  weight, a distorted body image, and amenorrhea in females  Anorexic individuals diet, fast, and exercise excessively in order to lose  weight  May lose 25% of their original body weight  o Girls and women account for more than 95% of cases of anorexia nervosa  Females can become anorexic at virtually any age  o Young women with physical disabilities have an elevated risk of developing  symptoms of eating disorders  Bulimia Nervosa o Recurrent episode of uncontrolled binge eating, followed by purging  activities aimed at controlling body weight  Purging activities include self-induced vomiting, exercise, extreme  dieting or fasting, and the abuse of laxatives, diuretics, or enemas  o Seem to be driven by an intense fear of weight gain and a distorted  perception of body size similar to that seen in anorexics Bulimics often maintain normal weight 
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 11/16/2010 for the course PSYC 336 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Maryland.

Page1 / 12

13 - mental health - Factors Promoting Mental Health 02:34...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online