14 - violence against girls and women

14 - violence against girls and women - Sexual Harassment...

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Unformatted text preview: Sexual Harassment at School 18:48 Sexual harassment in an educational setting: Unwelcome verbal or physical behavior of a sexual nature when: Submission to or rejection of the behavior forms the basis for decisions about the student The behavior creates an intimidating, hostile, or offensive study environment Elementary and Secondary School Reports of student sexual harassment are on the rise among junior and senior high school students o Instead of considering sexual harassment to be serious misconduct, school authorities too often treat it as harmless instances of boys will be boys Girls still experience high rates of peer sexual harassment in high school and somewhat lower rates of harassment from school personnel o Experiences continue to be more stressful for girls than for boys o Harassment has damaging effects on those who do not directly experience it The College Campus There are gender differences in the tendency to classify behaviors as sexual harassment o Women perceive more situations as harassing than men do o Whether an individual perceives a behavior as harassment depends, in part, on the role relationship between the harasser and target As long as the student is an adult and expresses willingness to enter into a sexual relationship with a professor, that relationship is acceptable o Male students are more likely than female students to subscribe to this view o Whenever a formal power differential between two people is present, a sexual relationship involves some degree of coercion Any sexual behavior directed at a student by a professor is harassment Incidence of Sexual Harassment o Few students submit formal complaints of harassment Harassment experiences show that the incidence varies from campus to campus The frequency of sexual harassment varies according to the specific type of unwanted conduct and nature of the power relationship Most students indicate that females are more likely than males to be sexually harassed Women are more likely to experience subtle forms of harassment Students are more likely to experience unwanted sexual behaviors by other students than by faculty members Lesbian and bisexual women are more likely than heterosexual women to experience sexual harassment Responses to Sexual Harassment o Most common response is to ignore the behavior Avoidance of the harasser and talking to others about the harassment are common reactions Few file a formal complaint Hinders attempts to reduce the frequency of harassment Sexual Harassment in the Workplace...
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This note was uploaded on 11/16/2010 for the course PSYC 336 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Maryland.

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14 - violence against girls and women - Sexual Harassment...

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