8 - motivate performance through goal-setting

8 - motivate performance through goal-setting - 21:48...

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21:48 Goal-setting is among the most valid and practical theories of employee  motivation  Has been shown to predict, influence, and explain the behavior of over 40,000  people in numerous countries 
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Main Principle 21:48 The simplest most direct motivational explanation of why some people perform  better than others is because they have different performance goals Difficult specific goals lead to significantly higher performance than easy  goals, no goals, or even the setting of an abstract goal Holding ability constant and given that there is goal commitment, the higher  the goal the higher the performance Variables influence behavior to the extent that it leads to the setting of and  commitment to a specific difficult goal  Goal-setting can have a cognitive benefit 
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Sub-Principles 21:48 Set challenging specific goals People normally adjust their level of effort to the difficulty of the goal  o Goals are the standards by which one judges one’s adequacy or success o Challenging goals facilitate pride in accomplishment Employees with high standards must accomplish more than those with  low standards  Goal specificity facilitates an employee’s focus in that it makes explicit what is  that individual has chosen to exert effort to persist attaining o
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