3 - ethics in research

3 - ethics in research - What is Ethical Research? 20:18...

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What is Ethical Research? 20:18 Concern about the welfare of research participants is only one aspect of ethics in  behavioral research Ethical concerns involve maintaining honesty in conducting and reporting  scientific research, giving appropriate credit for ideas and effort, and  considering how knowledge gained through research should be used  There are no clearly “right” or clearly “wrong” answers to ethical questions Ethics involves values, not facts Ethical concerns are part of the process of conducting research in any scientific  field Some research is perceived as immoral by almost everyone Other procedures are more controversial It is not reasonable to argue that because scientific research has costs, no  research should be conducted There are significant costs to not doing research and these costs may be  greater than the potential costs involved in going ahead with the research  project Treating research participants ethically matters for the welfare of the individuals  themselves and for the continued effectiveness of behavioral science as a  scientific discipline  Four basic goals of ethical research Protecting participants from physical and psychological harm Providing freedom of choice about participating in the research Maintaining awareness of the power differentials between researcher and  participant Honestly describing the nature and use of the research to participants
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Protecting Research Participants From Physical and  Psychological Harm 20:18 Types of Threats Some past research has posed severe threats to the psychological welfare of  the participants  o Other studies that present less severe, but potentially real, threats are still  conducted  In other cases, although the research does not directly create stressful  situations, it does have the unfortunate outcome of leading the participants to  discover something unpleasant about themselves o Participants are led to perform behaviors that they may later be  embarrassed about or ashamed of  The Potential for Lasting Impact Although the psychological states created in these situations are assumed to  be only temporary, there is no guarantee that they will not have longer-lasting  consequences  o Harmful psychological outcomes may not even be immediately apparent to  the participant or the experimenter, but occur only later Most evidence suggests that participation in psychological research does not  produce long-term psychological damage
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Providing Freedom of Choice 20:18 Conducting Research Outside the Laboratory There are threats to freedom of choice in research conducted in real-world 
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3 - ethics in research - What is Ethical Research? 20:18...

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