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1 - clinical psychology-an introduction

1 - clinical psychology-an introduction - What is Clinical...

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What is Clinical Psychology? 17:52 Clinical psychology: The field of clinical psychology involves research, teaching,  and services relevant to the applications of principles, methods, and procedures  for understanding, predicting, and alleviating intellectual, emotional, biological,  psychological, social and behavioral maladjustment, disability and discomfort,  applied to a wide range of client populations Skill areas central to the field of clinical psychology include  assessment and  diagnosis, intervention or treatment, consultation, research, and the application of  ethical and professional principles  Distinguished by their expertise in the areas of personality and  psychopathology and their integration of science, theory, and practice Clinical psychology integrates science, theory, and practice to understand and  alleviate maladjustment, disability, and discomfort as well as to promote human  adaptation, adjustment, and personal development Focuses on the intellectual, emotional, biological, psychological, social, and  behavior aspects of human functioning across the life span, in varying  cultures, and at all socioeconomic levels
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Closely Related Mental Health Professions 17:52 Psychiatrists A physician o Rooted in the medical tradition and exists within the framework of  organized medicine  Accorded the power and status of the medical profession  Psychiatrists may function as physicians  o Make extensive use of a variety of medications in treating their patients’  psychological difficulties  o Medical training makes them potentially better able to recognize medical  problems that may be contributing to the patient’s psychological distress  The typical psychiatrist-to-be receives psychiatric training during a 4-year  residency  Physician who specializes in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of  mental illnesses and substance use disorders o Extensive medical training enables the psychiatrist to understand the  body’s functions and the complex relationship between emotional illness  and other medical illnesses  o The mental health professional and physician best qualified to distinguish  between physical and psychological causes of both mental and physical  distress Counseling Psychologists
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