2 - historical overview of clinical psychology

2 - historical overview of clinical psychology - Historical...

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Historical Roots 00:58 Philippe Pinel: Major figure in movements Shocked by the senseless brutality that was the custom in 19 th -century  “mental hospitals,” he managed to get himself appointed head of the asylum  at Bicetre and, later, Salpetriere William Tuke: Devoted himself to the establishment of a model hospital for  humane treatment of the sick and troubled Eli Todd: Labored long and successfully to develop a retreat in Hartford for the  mentally ill Dorothea Dix: Campaigned for better facilities for the mentally ill
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Diagnosis and Assessment                        00:58 The Beginnings (1850 – 1899) Francis Galton: Devoted a great deal of effort to the application of quantitative  methods to understanding differences among people o 1882: Established an anthropometric laboratory  James McKeen Cattell: Turned his attention to reaction time differences  among people o Coined the term  mental tests  to describe his measures 1913: Emil Kraepelin  divided mental illness into those types determined by  exogenous factors (curable) and those caused by endogenous factors  (incurable) o Initiated a romance with classification schemes that persists even today The Advent of the Modern Era (1900 – 1919) Binet was convinced that the key to the study of individual differences was the  notion of norms and deviations from those norms  1904: Charles Spearman offered the concept of general intelligence that he  termed  g Between the Wars (1920 – 1939) 1921: The watershed event for projective testing occurred when Hermann  Rorschach, a Swiss psychiatrist, published  Psychodiagnostik 1939: L.K. Frank coined the term  projective techniques 1935: Publications by Christiana Morgan and Henry Murray of the Thematic  Apperception Test (TAT) World War II and Beyond (1940 – Present) 1943: The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) appeared  o Unique in that no theoretical interpretation of scores or responses was  necessary  Psychodiagnosis: The use and interpretation of psychological test scores as a  basis for diagnostic formulation as well as treatment planning
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This note was uploaded on 11/16/2010 for the course PSYC 436 taught by Professor Dr.andrealeiman during the Fall '10 term at Maryland.

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2 - historical overview of clinical psychology - Historical...

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