3 - current issues in clinical psychology

3 - current issues in clinical psychology - Models of...

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Models of Training in Clinical Psychology 23:19 The Scientist-Practitioner The Training Model o The psychological clinician would practice with skill and sensitivity but  would also contribute to the body of clinical knowledge by understanding  how to translate experience into testable hypotheses and how to test those  hypotheses The Debate Goes On o 1987: A series of training conferences culminating in one at Salt Lake City,  Utah have eroded any strict interpretation of the scientist-practitioner  model They have accepted approaches that deemphasize research  experience in favor of more direct and extensive training in clinical skills The Doctor of Psychology (Psy.D.) Degree The special characteristics of these degrees are an emphasis on the  development of clinical skills and a relative deemphasis on research  competence o A master’s thesis is not required, and the dissertation is usually a report on  a professional subject rather than an original research contribution Real divergence begins with the 3 rd  year o Increasing experience in the therapeutic practice and assessment  becomes the rule o The 4 th  year continues the clinical emphasis with a series of internship  assignments Professional Schools One of their greatest problems is stability of funding o Often depend heavily on part-time faculty whose major employment is  elsewhere Clinical Scientist Model 1991: The “call to action” for clinical scientists appeared in the “Manifesto for a  Science of Clinical Psychology” o Scientific clinical psychology is the only legitimate and acceptable form of  clinical psychology o Psychological services should not be administered to the public until they  have satisfied these four minimal criteria
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The exact nature of the service must be described clearly The claimed benefits of the service must be stated explicitly These claimed benefits must have validated scientifically Possibly negative side effects that outweigh any benefits must be ruled  out empirically o The primary and overriding objectives of doctoral training programs in  clinical psychology must be to produce the most competent clinical  scientists possible  Academy of Psychological Clinical Science o To foster the training of students for careers in clinical research, who  skillfully will produce and apply scientific knowledge o To advance the full range of clinical science research and theory and their  integration with other relevant sciences o To foster the development of and access to resources and opportunities  for training, research, funding, and careers in clinical science o To foster the broad application of clinical science to human problems in 
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3 - current issues in clinical psychology - Models of...

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