6 - the assessment interview

6 - the assessment interview - Assessment in Clinical...

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Assessment in Clinical Psychology 14:39 Definition and Purpose Clinical assessment involves an evaluation of an individual’s strengths and  weaknesses, a conceptualization of the problem at hand (as well as possible  etiological factors), and some prescription for alleviating the problem The Referral The assessment process begins with a referral Clinicians thus begin with the referral question o It is important that they take pains to understand precisely what the  question is or what the referral source is seeking What Influences How the Clinician Addresses the Referral Question? The kinds of information sought are often heavily influenced by the clinician’s  theoretical commitments The purpose of assessment is not to discover the “true psychic essence” of  the client but to describe that client in a way that is useful to the referral  source o A way that will lead to the solution of a problem
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The Interview 14:39 The assessment interview is at once the most basic and the most serviceable  technique used by the clinical psychologist General Characteristics of Interviews An Interaction o An interview is an interaction between at least two persons Each participant contributes to the process, and each influences the  responses of the other However, a clinical interview is initiated with a goal or set of goals in  mind  Interview Versus Tests o Interviews are more purposeful and organized than conversation but  sometimes less formalized or standardized than psychological tests o Thus, a unique characteristic of the interview method is the wider  opportunity it provides for an individualized approach that will be effective  in eliciting data from a particular person or patient Interviewing Essentials and Techniques Training and supervised experience in interviewing are very important Training, then, involves not just a simple memorization of rules but, rather, a  growing knowledge of the relationships among rules, the concrete situation  being confronted, and one’s own impact in interview situations  The Physical Arrangements o An interview can be conducted anywhere that two people can meet and  interact o Two of the most important considerations are privacy and protecting from  interruptions Note-Taking and Recording o All contacts with clients ultimately need to be documented o A moderate amount of note-taking seems worthwhile o Any attempt at taking verbatim notes should be avoided (except when  administering a structured interview) One danger in taking verbatim notes is that this practice may prevent  the clinician from attending fully to the essence of the patient’s  verbalizations
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This note was uploaded on 11/16/2010 for the course PSYC 436 taught by Professor Dr.andrealeiman during the Fall '10 term at Maryland.

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6 - the assessment interview - Assessment in Clinical...

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