7 - the assessment of intelligence

7 - the assessment of intelligence - Intelligence Testing:...

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Intelligence Testing: Yesterday and Today 20:53 First, compulsory education in the United States and other countries resulted in a  very diverse student body To preserve resources, there was pressure to identify those most likely to  succeed in school Second, psychological scientists believed, and ultimately demonstrated, that  mental abilities could be measured Alfred Binet and his collaborator, Theodore Simon, became leaders in the  intelligence testing movement when they devised the Binet-Simon test to identify  individual differences in mental functioning 1975: As a result of a lengthy civil rights suit ( Larry P. v. Wilson Riles ) begun in  1971, the California State Board of Education imposed moratorium on the use of  intelligence tests to asses disabilities in African Americans Stephen Gould’s popular book  The Mismeasure of Man  was a scathing critique of  the intelligence testing movement and of the “reification” of the notion of  intelligence Essentially, theorists such as Spearman mistakenly accorded general  intelligence, or  g , the status of a true entity because of their misunderstanding  of factor analytic techniques Gould contended that those arguing for the heritability of intelligence were in  some cases mistaken and in other cases guilty of fraud The Bell Curve : Herrnstein and Murray review the concept of intelligence, recount  the history of intelligence testing, respond to many of the critiques offered by  Gould, and delve into public policy issues such as poverty, crime, welfare, and  affirmative action
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The Concept of Intelligence 20:53 First, exactly what is meant by the term  intelligence ? Second, how do we develop valid instruments for measuring it?
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This note was uploaded on 11/16/2010 for the course PSYC 436 taught by Professor Dr.andrealeiman during the Fall '10 term at Maryland.

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7 - the assessment of intelligence - Intelligence Testing:...

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