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Unformatted text preview: "It was the best of times. It was the worst of times."
Charles Dickens Inequality on a world scale North/South West/NonWest West/postcolonial Developed/underdeveloped First World/Third World Center/periphery Metropole/satellite Industrialized/developing.... Consider this: In 1970, the worlds poorest countries (roughly 60 countries classified as lowincome by the World Bank), owed $25 billion in debt. By 2002, they owned $523 billion. For Africa, in 1970, the debt was just under $11 billion. By 2002, it was $295 billion. $550 billion has been paid by poor countries in both principal and interest over the last three decades on $540 billion of loans, and yet in 2006 there was still a $523 billion dollar debt burden. Global connections What are the relationships and processes that link wealth and poverty? How is inequality produced ? What are some relevant theories and concepts? Key relationships Colonialism/imperialism Slavery Capitalism Markets neocolonialism Globalization Debt History of ideas that rationalize and/or naturalize inequality social evolutionary schemas that assume superior beings or superior cultures end up with more wealth and power Eurocentric notions of progress which see the West as the model for the rest "Racializing" populations, explaining differences in wealth and culture as biological "free market" myths of choice, meritocracy, and competition California's 5th grade social studies text on colonialism Illustrates the politics of knowledge, presenting colonialism as a mutually beneficial relationship and omitting any mention of violence, conquest, exploitation... "the colonizing country supports its colonies by sending new settlers...it passes laws..." Myth of rationality Western capitalism is not just about economics, it is ideological and cultural, economic values and cultural values are linked in our society commercial values are taken for granted in everyday life, entwined with moral values Feld reading: globalization seen through music Global processes produce both separation and mixing, hybridization, and revitalization Connections produce "Uneven experiences and consolidated powers" p.48 Feld Calls for "denaturalizing" `world music' to gain critical perspective on modernity and globalization Discourse and [eurocentric] Dualisms: musicologyethnomusicology Musicworld music (third world, primitive, tribal, ethnic, folk, traditional, international) vs. classic Western Politics of representation Intercultural influences and exchanges are played down to convey image of primitive authenticity "documentary realism and cultural uniqueness" p.50 Markets and imperialism Globalization and new technologies "reconfigur[ed] how the musical globe was being curated, recorded, marketed, advertised, and promoted" p.53 Western Pop stars `curate' third world others Corporations control production, marketing,and profit Appropriation taking resources or products Music used by Western artists for commercial sales without permission from original artists similar to how colonizers saw land as theirs to take, how agribusiness has patented plant varieties developed by farmers in the global south Intellectual property/copyright law/patent inequality Developed to favor individual and corporate ownership Cultural and communal rights not protected Not to mention resources required to mount a legal case "idealism about freeflows, sharing, and choice..."p. 69 Mask the inequality of power and profits In these global connections and `collaborations' film T shirt travels Available in Langson Library ...
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- Fall '10
- Cultural Anthropology