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Memory+Lecture+for+Students+3+slides - MEMORY Chapter 7...

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10/24/10 1 MEMORY Chapter 7 Outline Defining Memory The Types and Processes of Memory Ways of Forgetting The Biology of Memory Defining Memory
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10/24/10 2 What is memory? The retention of information over time. Our model of memory: Sensory Short Term Long Term encoding retrieval attending maintenance rehearsal What is memory? The retention of information over time. The Types and Processes of Memory
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10/24/10 3 Ways of storing memories Storage Encoding Retrieval Short Term Sensory Long Term Sensory Memory Memory for sensory information that is stored briefly It is close to its original sensory form Storage Sensory Sensory Memory Sensory information from any of the five senses could be stored this way Iconic Memory Echoic Memory
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10/24/10 4 Sensory Memory Time ¼ second ½ second When given a cue to remember any one of the lines, people could recite that line. Sperling (1960) transfer to short-term memory Short Term Memory Memory that keeps information available for limited durations It can be extened for current use through phonemic rehearsal Storage Short Term Short Term Memory Short term memory lasts for 20 seconds, and can store approximately 7 (+ or – 2) units of information You can maintain short term memory by thinking about or rehearsing information Chunking information into meaningful units
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10/24/10 5 Baddeley’s Working Memory Visiospatial sketchpad Phonological loop rehearsal rehearsal Long-term Memory Relatively permanent storage of information How does long term memory differ from short term memory?
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