Lecture+14--Social+Psychology+II+student+version+6+slides+per+page

Lecture+14--Social+Psychology+II+student+version+6+slides+per+page

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
11/17/10 1 S OCIAL PSYCHOLOGY : A TTITUDES , P REJUDICE , H ELPING ARMING Chapter 13 Lecture outline Prosocial Behavior and Aggression Attributions Attitudes Stereotypes, Prejudice and Discrimination Prosocial Behavior & Aggression Prosocial behavior Acting for the benefit of others Altruism: The helping of others for unselfish reasons But how unselfish are our reasons? Kin selection Reciprocal helping What factors influence helping behavior? Empathy Situational factors Bystander effects (enlightenment effect) How busy you are Ease of escaping the situation Individual differences Extroverts Less concerned with social approval Male? Expertise Aggression Behavior intended to harm others, either physically or verbally Relational aggression Instrumental aggression
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
11/17/10 2 Aggression What leads to aggression? Genetic influences Neural influences Biochemical influence Social/Cultural influences Genetic sources of aggression There is some degree of heritability of aggression* Animals may be bred for aggression* If one identical twin is aggressive,* it is likely the other is as well *most of this research is limited to studies of physical aggression Neural Influences on Aggression Certain areas of the brain produce aggression* when stimulated Amygdala Hypothalamus The frontal lobe allows us to inhibit aggression Biochemical Influences on Aggression Neurotransmitter serotonin Low levels of serotonin associated with violent crime, but not crime in general (Moffit et al., 1998) Also associated with suicide (violence against the self) Testosterone High levels of testosterone are correlated with increased physical aggression Behaving aggressively increases your testosterone levels Alcohol increases aggression Situational influences on aggression Frustration-aggression hypothesis Autonomic arousal Arousal may be mistaken for anger Media influences Observational learning Bobo doll study Temperature Beware the summer months! Cultural Differences Culture of Honor Attributions
Background image of page 2
11/17/10 3 Social cognition Mental processes associated with the ways in which people perceive and react to other individuals and groups Two types of social cognition: Attributions Attitudes Both can lead to prejudice and discrimination
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 11/21/2010 for the course PSC 001 taught by Professor P during the Spring '08 term at UC Davis.

Page1 / 8

Lecture+14--Social+Psychology+II+student+version+6+slides+per+page

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online