CHAPTER_2_body_structure__color__oncolog

CHAPTER_2_body_structure__color__oncolog - CHAPTER 2 Body...

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Unformatted text preview: CHAPTER 2 Body Structure, Color, and Oncology Structure of the Human Body Cells Basic unit of all living things Cell Components Cell Membrane forms the boundary of the cell Cytoplasm Gel-like fluid inside the cell nucleus Largest structure in the cell. Control center of the cell. Contains chromosomes for reproduction chromosomes In the nucleus. 46 chromosomes in normal human cells, except sex cells (which have 23) Genes Housed in chromosome. Determines heredity characteristics DNA Regulates cellular activity. Comprises each gene Tissue Groups of similar cells that perform a specific task Types of Tissue Muscle Nervous Connective epithelial Organ Two or more kinds of tissues that together perform special body functions skin is an organ composed of epithelial, connective, muscle and nerve tissue System Group of organs that work together to perform complex body functions Body Cavities Combining Forms for Body Structures Aden/o Gland Cyt/o Cell epitheli/o epithelium Fibr/o fiber hist/o Tissue Kary/o nucleus Lip/o fat My/o muscle neur/o nerve Organ/o organ sarc/o flesh,connective tissue system/o system Viscer/o Internal organs Cancer/o Carcin/o Cancer CF for body structure terms Eti/o Cause (of disease) Gno/o knowledge iatr/o Physician, medicine treatment onc/o Tumor, mass Path/o disease rhabd/o Rod-shaped, striated somat/o body CF to describe color Chlor/o green Chrom/o color Cyan/o blue erythr/o red Leuk/o white melan/o Black xanth/o yellow Prefixes dia Through, complete dys Painful, abnormal, difficult, labored Hyper Above, excessive Hypo Below, incomplete, deficient Meta After, beyond, change Neo new Pro before Suffixes al, ic, ous pertaining to Cyte Cell gen substance or agent that produces or causes genesis origin or cause genic producing, originating, causing logist one who studies and treats logy study of oid resembling oma tumor, swelling osis abnormal condition (when using with blood cells = increase) pathy disease plasia condition of formation, development, growth plasm growth, substance, formation sarcoma malignant tumor sis state of stasis control, stop, standing words built from word parts CAN YOU DEFINE THESE MEDICAL TERMS? adenocarcinoma adenoma...
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CHAPTER_2_body_structure__color__oncolog - CHAPTER 2 Body...

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