CHAPTER_EIGHT - CHAPTER EIGHT Female Reproductive System The female reproductive system produces the female egg cells and hormones and also

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CHAPTER EIGHT Female Reproductive System The female reproductive system produces the female egg cells and hormones and also provides for conception and pregnancy. INTERNAL ORGANS OF THE FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM ORGAN/STRUCTURES DEFINITION ovaries pair of almond-shaped organs located in the pelvic cavity. Egg cells are stored in the ovaries. ovum (pl. - ova) female egg cell graafian follicles 100,000 microscopic sacs that make up a large portion of the ovaries. Each follicle contains an immature ovum. Normally one graafian follicle develops to maturity monthly between puberty and menopause. It moves to the surface of the ovary and releases the ovum, which passes into the fallopian tube. fallopian, or uterine, tube pair of 5-inch tubes, attached to the uterus, that provide a passageway for the ovum to move from the ovary to the uterus fimbria (pl. - fimbriae) finger-like projections at the free end of the fallopian tube uterus pear-sized and pear-shaped muscular organ that lies in the pelvic cavity, except during pregnancy when it enlarges and extends up into the abdominal cavity. Its functions are menstruation, pregnancy, and labor. endometrium inner lining of the uterus myometrium muscular middle layer of the uterus perimetrium outer thin layer that covers the surface of the uterus corpus, or body large central portion of the uterus fundus rounded upper portion of the uterus cervix (Cx) Narrow lower portion of the uterus vagina a 3-inch tube that connects the uterus to the outside of the body 1
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hymen fold of membrane found near the opening of the vagina rectouterine pouch pouch between the posterior wall of the uterus and the anterior wall of the rectum ( Douglas’ cul-de-sac ) 2
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GLANDS OF THE FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM GLAND DEFINITION Bartholin’s glands pair of mucus-producing glands located on each side of and just above the vaginal opening mammary glands, or breasts milk-producing glands of the female. Each breast consists of 15-20
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This note was uploaded on 11/22/2010 for the course HSC 2531 taught by Professor Chancey during the Spring '10 term at Santa Fe College.

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CHAPTER_EIGHT - CHAPTER EIGHT Female Reproductive System The female reproductive system produces the female egg cells and hormones and also

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