CHAPTER_ONE - suffix does not begin with a vowel[Example...

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CHAPTER ONE Introduction to Word Parts THE WORD ROOT IS THE WORD PART THAT IS THE CORE OF THE WORD: IT CONTAINS THE FUNDAMENTAL MEANING OF THE WORD. Each medical term contains one or more word root. THE PREFIX IS A WORD PART ATTACHED TO THE BEGINNING OF A WORD ROOT TO MODIFY ITS MEANING. THE SUFFIX IS A WORD PART ATTACHED TO THE END OF THE WORD ROOT TO MODIFY ITS MEANING. THE COMBINING VOWEL IS A WORD PART – USUALLY AN ‘O’ – AND IS USED BETWEEN TWO WORD ROOTS USED BETWEEN A WORD ROOT AND A SUFFIX TO EASE PRONUNCIATION NOT USED BETWEEN A PREFIX AND A ROOT Vowels – a, e, i, o, u, and sometimes y Combining vowels are used to ease pronunciation; therefore not all medical terms have combining vowels. Guidelines for using combining vowels 1. When connecting a word root and a suffix, the combining vowel is used if the
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Unformatted text preview: suffix does not begin with a vowel. [Example: arthr/o/pathy] 2. When connecting a word root and a suffix, a combining vowel is usually not used if the suffix begins with a vowel. [Example: hepat/ic] 3. When connecting two word roots, a combining vowel is usually used even if vowels are present in the junction. [Example: oste/o/arthr/it is] 4. When connecting a prefix and a word root, a combining vowel is not used. [Example: sub/hepat/ic] WORD ROOTS DEFINITION arthr joint hepat liver ven vein oste bone 1 PREFIXES DEFINITION intra-within sub-under SUFFIXES DEFINITION-itis inflammation-ic pertaining to-ous pertaining to-pathy disease COMBINING VOWEL-o-2...
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